World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Variations and Fugue on a Theme by Mozart

Article Id: WHEBN0008303537
Reproduction Date:

Title: Variations and Fugue on a Theme by Mozart  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Musical historicism, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, List of variations on a theme by another composer
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Variations and Fugue on a Theme by Mozart

The Variations and Fugue on a Theme by Mozart, Op. 132, is a set of variations for orchestra composed in 1914 by Max Reger; the composer conducted the premiere in Berlin on February 5, 1915. He later produced a version for two pianos, Op. 132a.

Description

The theme is drawn from the first movement of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart's Piano Sonata in A, K. 331, and is first presented by the oboe and two clarinets before being repeated by strings. Its second part appears again in the oboe and clarinet supported by high strings, and then is again repeated by the string section. Eight variations follow; then the fugue, in which the subject appears first in first violins before being answered after eight bars by the second violins. The piece concludes with a final, forceful statement of the theme by trumpets.

Movements

The work, which takes about 33 minutes to perform, consists of the following movements:

  1. Theme. Andante grazioso
  2. Variation 1. L'istesso tempo, quasi un poco più lento
  3. Variation 2. Poco agitato
  4. Variation 3. Con moto
  5. Variation 4. Vivace
  6. Variation 5. Quasi presto
  7. Variation 6. Sostenuto (quasi adagietto)
  8. Variation 7. Andante grazioso
  9. Variation 8. Molto sostenuto
  10. Fugue. Allegretto grazioso

It is scored for piccolo flute, two concert flutes, two oboes, two clarinets, two bassoons, four French horns, two trumpets, timpani, harp, string section.

Critical reaction

This remains the composer's most popular and most-recorded orchestral work, although in recent decades it has largely disappeared from the concert hall.[1] It has obvious antecedents in Johannes Brahms' Variations on a Theme by Haydn both in terms of the inspiration theme (both draw from a simple melodic phrase) and the subsequent style of variation. Many critics, however, have remained lukewarm to the piece as little more than Brahmsian pastiche.[2]

References

Notes

  1. ^ Reinhold Brinkmann, "Max Reger und die Neue Musik," in Max Reger, 1873–1973: Ein Symposion (Wiesbaden: Breitkopf & Härtel, 1974), pp. 87f.
  2. ^ For examples, see Reinhold Brinkmann, "A 'Last Giant in Music': Thoughts on Max Reger in the Twentieth Century". The Musical Quarterly 2004 87(4):631–659; doi:10.1093/musqtl/gdh023

Sources

  • David Ewen, Encyclopedia of Concert Music. New York; Hill and Wang, 1959.

External links

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.