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Independent Battery B, Pennsylvania Light Artillery

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Independent Battery B, Pennsylvania Light Artillery

Independent Battery "B", Pennsylvania Light Artillery
Active August 1861 to October 12, 1865
Country United States
Allegiance Union
Branch Artillery
Engagements Battle of Shiloh
Siege of Corinth
Battle of Perryville
Battle of Stones River
Tullahoma Campaign
Battle of Chickamauga
Siege of Chattanooga
Battle of Lookout Mountain
Battle of Missionary Ridge
Atlanta Campaign
Battle of Resaca
Battle of Kennesaw Mountain
Siege of Atlanta
Battle of Jonesboro
Battle of Spring Hill
Second Battle of Franklin
Battle of Nashville

Independent Battery "B", Pennsylvania Volunteers was a light artillery battery that served in the Union Army during the American Civil War. The unit was also referenced as the Twenty-sixth Independent Battery, Pennsylvania Artillery, and commonly as "Muehler's Battery," or "Stevens' Battery," after its first two commanders.

Service

The order for recruiting the Pennsylvania Seventy-seventh Regiment, provided for eight companies of infantry, and one of artillery. The artillery unit was recruited in Franklin County, in August 1861, by Captain Peter B. Housum; but not having the required strength, it was consolidated with one recruited for similar service in Erie County, by Captain Charles F. Muehler, and was mustered into service for a three year enlistment at Pittsburgh, on October 11, 1861. Capt. Muehler was given command of the unit, until his resignation on November 16, 1862; he was replaced by Captain Alanson Stevens, on January 5, 1863. Stevens was the nephew, and former ward, of congressman Thaddeus Stevens.[1]

The battery was attached to Negley's Brigade, McCook's Command, Army of the Ohio, to December 1861. Artillery, 2nd Division, Army of the Ohio, to June 1862. Artillery, 5th Division, Army of the Ohio, to September 1862. Artillery, 5th Division, II Corps, Army of the Ohio, to November 1862. Artillery, 3rd Division, Left Wing, XIV Corps, Army of the Cumberland, to January 1863. Artillery, 3rd Division, XXI Corps, Army of the Cumberland, to October 1863. Artillery, 3rd Division, IV Corps, Army of the Cumberland, to April 1864. Artillery, 1st Division, 4th Corps, to July 1864. Artillery Brigade, IV Corps, to August 1865. Department of Texas to October 1865.

Battery "B", Pennsylvania Light Artillery mustered out of service on October 12, 1865.

Detailed service

Monument to Independent Battery 'B', Pa. Volunteers, at Chickamauga Battlefield Military Park, circa 1897.

Moved down the Ohio River with the 77th Pennsylvania, in November 1861, to Louisville, Ky.; then to French imperialist attempt to take over Mexico.

Casualties

Private William P. Haberlin, of Pa. Independent Battery "B", killed in action on Dec. 16, 1864, at Nashville, Tennessee. Handwritten poem found with photograph reads: "Now to the field again I'll go, for the union to defend, until Jeff Davis is made to know, his kingdom is about to end. And now if I would not live, to hear f[r]eemen shout for joy, this miniature to you I give, in memory of a soldier boy. William P. Haberlin." (Library of Congress collection)

The battery lost a total of 35 men during service: 2 officers (Stevens & McDowell) and 8 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded (Cuddy, Feirstine, Haberlin, Heller, Reins, Schlof); 25 enlisted men died of disease.

Commanders

  • Captain Charles F. Muehler (also appears as "Mueller") - resigned commission on November 16, 1862
  • Captain Alanson Joshua Stevens - commanded at the battles of Perryville and Stones River as a lieutenant; killed in action, September 20, 1863, battle of Chickamauga[2]
  • Captain Samuel M. McDowell - commanded at the battle of Chickamauga as a lieutenant; killed in action, June 27, 1864, battle of Kennesaw Mountain
  • Captain Jacob Ziegler - commanded at the battle of Nashville

See also

References

  • Dyer, Frederick H. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion (Des Moines, IA: Dyer Pub. Co.), 1908.
Attribution
  • Dyer, Frederick H. (1908). A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion. Des Moines, IA: Dyer Publishing Co.
  1. ^ Trefousse, Hans (1997). Thaddeus Stevens: Nineteenth-Century Egalitarian. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.  
  2. ^ Chadwick, Hon. Albert G.. Soldiers' record of the town of St. Johnsbury, Vermont in the War of the Rebellion, 1861-5. St. Johnsbury, Vt.: C.M. Stone & Co., book and job printers, 1883; p.177 ("Non-resident Soldiers")
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