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Title: Žalvarinis  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Obtest, Kūlgrinda (band), Lithuanian rock
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Performing at "Rock nights 2005" festival
Background information
Origin Vilnius, Lithuania
Genres Folk rock, Folk metal
Years active 2001–present
Labels Prior Records
Associated acts Ugnėlakis
Members Robertas Semeniukas
Paulius Jaskūnas
Aidas Buivydas
Ilja Molodcov
Ineta Meduneckytė-Tamošiūnienė
Laurita Peleniūtė
Eglė Pakšytė

Žalvarinis (English: made from brass) is a folk rock band from Vilnius, Lithuania. They were formed in 2001 as a collaboration between the black metal group Ugnėlakis and the pagan folk group Kūlgrinda. This was reflected in the title of their debut album in 2002, Ugnėlakis su Kūlgrinda.


  • Style 1
  • Members 2
    • Current members 2.1
    • Former members 2.2
  • Discography 3
  • Further reading 4
  • External links 5


The lyrics for band's songs are usually taken from the folklore of Lithuanian people and are sung in their original Lithuanian language. Žalvarinis' music frequently features singing technique of traditional Lithuanian sutartinė (a form of glee), usually sung by band's three female singers – examples of sutartinė can be heard in tracks Ailiom susėdom, Dijūta or Ožys. Authentic pronunciation as well as ancient words and their forms in folk songs are also usually preserved by the band. As a legacy of Kūlgrinda, the band also features few folk-songs of Old Prussians.

Žalvarinis's sound, on the other hand, while still influenced by traditional Lithuanian folk music, is more modern – generally speaking, it's a mix of traditional heavy metal and progressive rock. The first album of the band was metal-influenced, however with later albums, the sound becomes more progressive.

The song Aš kanapį sėjau (I Sowed a Hemp), taken from the 2005 album Žalio vario was featured on Transformations in Lithuanian Song – a 2006 compilation CD that covered the development of Lithuanian folk music over many years, published by the Lithuanian-American journal Lituanus.


Current members

  • Ineta Meduneckytė-Tamošiūnienė – vocals
  • Laurita Peleniūtė – vocals
  • Robertas Semeniukas – electric guitar, back vocals
  • Paulius Jaskūnas – bass guitar
  • Simonas Gudelis – drums

Former members

  • Aurimas Lemežis – bass guitar
  • Marius Būda – electric guitar
  • Ramūnas Pocius – vocals, pipes
  • Eglė Pakšytė – vocals
  • Dariush Loznikoff – bass
  • Demonas – bass
  • Arūnas Lukaševičius – bass
  • Ilja Molodcov – drums
  • Aidas Buivydas – guitar


  • Ugnėlakis su Kūlgrinda (2002, Bomba records)
  • Žalio vario (2005, Prior music) translates as [Made] of Green Copper, green copper being an archaic name for brass)
  • Folk n' Rock (2008, Monako Productions)
  • Acoustic Live (2014)

Further reading

  • Strmiska, Michael F. (2012). "Paganism-inspired folkmusic/Folkmusic-inspired paganism". In Cusack, Carole M.; Norman, Alex. Handbook of New Religions and Cultural Production. Handbooks on Contemporary Religion 4. BRILL. pp. 364–368.  

External links

  • Official homepage (Lithuanian)
  • Žalvarinis on Myspace
  • Žalvarinis page on (with streaming music) (Lithuanian)
  • Encyclopaedia Metallum (Lithuanian)
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