World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Mary Livermore

Article Id: WHEBN0000384441
Reproduction Date:

Title: Mary Livermore  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Melrose, Massachusetts, United States Sanitary Commission, Medicine in the American Civil War, People by year/Reports/No other categories/2, Nurse writer
Collection: 1820 Births, 1905 Deaths, 19Th-Century Christian Universalists, 20Th-Century Christian Universalists, American Civil War Medicine, American Civil War Nurses, American Suffragists, American Temperance Activists, Illinois Republicans, Members of the Universalist Church of America, People of Illinois in the American Civil War, People of Massachusetts in the American Civil War, United States Sanitary Commission, Writers from Chicago, Illinois
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Mary Livermore

Mary Livermore
Mary Livermore
Born Boston, Massachusetts
Died May 23, 1905(1905-05-23) (aged 84)
Melrose, Massachusetts
Employer United States Sanitary Commission
Spouse(s) Daniel P. Livermore

Mary Livermore, born Mary Ashton Rice, (December 19, 1820 – May 23, 1905) was an American journalist and advocate of women's rights.


  • Biography 1
  • Legacy 2
  • The writings of Mary Livermore 3
  • See also 4
  • References 5
  • Further reading 6
  • External links 7


Mary Ashton Rice was born in Boston, Massachusetts on December 19, 1820 to Timothy Rice and Zebiah Vose (Ashton) Rice.[1][2] She was a direct descendant of Edmund Rice an early Puritan immigrant to Massachusetts Bay Colony.[1] She attended school at an all-female seminary in Charlestown, Massachusetts, and read the entire bible every year until the age of 23. She graduated from the seminary in 1836, but stayed there as a teacher for two years. In 1839, she started a job as a tutor on a Virginia plantation, and after witnessing the cruel institution of slavery, she became an abolitionist. In 1842, she left the plantation to take charge of a private school in Duxbury, Massachusetts, where she worked for three years.

Mary Livermore, 1901
Mary Livermore House in Melrose, MA

She married Daniel P. Livermore, a Universalist minister in May 1845,[2] and in 1857, they moved to Chicago. She published a collection of nineteen essays entitled Pen Pictures in 1863. As a member of the Republican party, Livermore campaigned for Abraham Lincoln in the 1860 presidential election.

During the Emancipation Proclamation, which was auctioned off at $10,000.

After the war she devoted herself to the promotion of women's suffrage (along with Lucy Stone and Julia Ward Howe ) and the temperance movement, founding in Chicago in 1869 The Agitator, which in 1870, after she moved to Boston, was merged into the Woman's Journal, of which she was an associate editor until 1872.[3]

Like many Universalists of the time, she was interested in spiritualism, and following her husband's death in 1899, she became convinced that he had communicated with her through a medium. Livermore died in Melrose, Massachusetts.


Nearly four decades after her death, she became the namesake of a World War II Liberty ship, the SS Mary Livermore.

The writings of Mary Livermore

  • The Children's Army (1844), temperance stories.
  • "The Twin Sisters: or, The History of Two Families," collected in The Two Families; and The Duty that Lies Nearest. Prize Stories (1848), a temperance story.
  • A Mental Transformation (1848).
  • Pen Pictures (1863), short stories.
  • What Shall We Do With Our Daughters? and Other Lectures
  • My Story of the War: The Civil War Memories of the Famous Nurse, Relief Organizer and Suffragette (1887/1995) with Introduction by Nina Silber. New York: De Capo Press.
  • The story of my life ; or, The sunshine and shadow of seventy years (1897).
  • Cooperative Womanhood in the State.(1891) North American Review 153 pp. 283–295.

See also


  1. ^ a b Edmund Rice (1638) Association, 2010. Descendants of Edmund Rice: The First Nine Generations. (CD-ROM)
  2. ^ a b Perry, Marilyn Elizabeth (2000). "Livermore, Mary". American National Biography Online. Oxford University Press. 
  3. ^ Livermore, Mary. "I Am Woman: A Celebration of Womanhood". Retrieved January 22, 2012. 

Further reading

  • Eggleston, Larry G. (2003). Women in the Civil War: Extraordinary Stories of Soldiers, Spies, Nurses, Doctors, Crusaders, and Others. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Company.  
  • Massey, Mary Elizabeth (1994). Women in the Civil War. Lincoln, Nebraska: University of Nebraska Press.  
  • Patricia M. Shields. 2004. Mary Livermore A Legacy of Caring and Cooperative Womanhood in Outstanding Women in Public Administration: Leaders, Mentors and Pioneers. Edited by Claire Felbinger and Wendy Haynes. pp. 49–64. New York: ME Sharpe.

External links

  • Article from PBS
  • A Spartacus Educational Biography
  • Entry from the Dictionary of Unitarian & Universalist Biography
  • Article from the 1911 Encyclopedia
  • Online copy of My Story of the War
  • Mary Livermore at Find a Grave
  • Carrie Chapman Catt Collection at the Library of Congress has volumes from the library of Mary A. Livermore.
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.