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Alabama Theatre

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Title: Alabama Theatre  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Birmingham, Alabama, Theatre organ, Buildings and structures in Birmingham, Alabama, Spanish Colonial Revival architecture in Alabama, Birmingham Landmarks
Collection: 1927 Establishments in Alabama, Buildings and Structures in Birmingham, Alabama, Cinemas and Movie Theaters in Alabama, Historic American Buildings Survey in Alabama, Mission Revival Architecture in Alabama, National Register of Historic Places in Birmingham, Alabama, Properties on the Alabama Register of Landmarks and Heritage, Spanish Colonial Revival Architecture in Alabama, Theatres Completed in 1927, Theatres in Alabama, Theatres on the National Register of Historic Places in Alabama, Visitor Attractions in Birmingham, Alabama
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Alabama Theatre

Alabama Theatre
Address 1817 Third Avenue North
Birmingham, Alabama
United States
Owner Birmingham Landmarks, Inc.
Type movie palace
Current use Performing arts center
Opened 26 December 1927 (1927-12-26)


Alabama Theatre
Area 0.4 acres (0.16 ha)
Architect Graven & Mayger
Architectural style Mission/spanish Revival
Governing body Private
NRHP Reference # 79000386[1]
Significant dates
Added to NRHP November 13, 1979
Designated ARLH February 15, 1977[2]

The Alabama Theatre is a

  • Alabama Theatre (official website)
  • Historic American Buildings Survey (HABS) No. AL-982, "Alabama Theatre, 1811 Third Avenue North, Birmingham, Jefferson County, AL", 106 photos, 20 color transparencies, 9 measured drawings, 36 data pages, 8 photo caption pages

External links

  1. ^ a b "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places.  
  2. ^ a b "Properties on the Alabama Register of Landmarks & Heritage". Alabama Historical Commission. Retrieved 25 October 2012. 
  3. ^ a b c "Alabama Theatre, 1811 Third Avenue North, Birmingham, Jefferson, AL". "Historic American Buildings Survey". Library of Congress. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i Whitmire, Cecil and Jeannie Hanks. The Alabama Theater: Showplace of the South, Birmingham Landmarks, 2002. ISBN 0-9703157-2-4
  5. ^ a b "Alabama Historic Theatre". Discover the Magic of the Alabama Brochure. Alabama Department of Archives and History. January 26, 2010. Retrieved October 28, 2011. 


Nicknamed Big Bertha, the Alabama's organ is a four-manual (keyboard) organ. It was originally installed with 20 ranks (sets of pipes), but has been expanded to 32. It also features numerous percussion instruments and sound effects to accompany silent movies.[4]

[4] When the Alabama was built in 1927, films were silent and required a musical accompaniment. This was typically provided by an orchestra or

The theatre organ


In 1998, the Alabama Theatre underwent a complete restoration, in which gold leaf and other paint was cleaned or replaced, seats were replaced or recovered, and some carpet and drapes were replaced. Birmingham Landmarks continues to own the theater and has also purchased the Lyric Theatre, a 1914 vaudeville theater located across the street from the Alabama.[4] The Alabama hosts roughly 250 entertainment events every year. It attracts more than 400,000 people a year to a variety of performances, including Broadway-type theatre, ballet, opera, music concerts, and film.[5]

[5] In 1993, the Alabama was designated the official state historic theater of Alabama.[4] The Alabama Chapter of the

The decline of downtown Birmingham through the 1960s and 1970s saw the closing of most of the downtown's movie theatres. In 1981, Plitt Theatres of Chicago closed the Alabama and sold it to Cobb Theaters of Birmingham. Cobb attempted to reopen the Alabama several times, but was unsuccessful. Cobb eventually sold the Alabama to Costa and Head, developers working to revitalize the downtown area. Costa and Head initiated series of classic movies at the Alabama with some success, but ultimately filed for bankruptcy in 1986.[4]

One of the organ screens in 1996.

Another regular event at the Alabama Theatre was the Miss Alabama Pageant. From 1935 to 1948, the rules of the Miss America Pageant allowed multiple contestants per state. The Alabama Theater hosted the Miss Birmingham Pageant in those years. When the rules were changed in 1949, the Alabama Theatre became host to the Miss Alabama Pageant and continued to do so through 1966.[4]

One of the things the Alabama Theatre was known for in its early days was its Mickey Mouse Club, which was formed in 1933. Meetings were held every Saturday, where the children would perform for each other, watch Mickey Mouse cartoons, and participate in other activities. The Club also sponsored food and toy drives for the underprivileged. By 1935, the Club had over 7000 members, making it the biggest Mickey Mouse Club in the world. Membership eventually peaked at over 18,000 before the Club closed almost ten years after it was formed.[4]

In 1934, the Loveman's of Alabama department store next door burned to the ground. Thanks to a thick firewall on that side of the Alabama, the theater was unharmed aside from some smoke damage around air vents in the auditorium. These smoke stains would remain until the 1998 theater restoration.[4]

The Grand Lobby, between the Hall of Mirrors and Main Auditorium. Taken in 1996, prior to restoration.

Construction plans for the Alabama were announced in 1926, but ground breaking was delayed until April 1, 1927. The grand opening was held as originally scheduled on December 26, 1927. Construction of the concrete and steel building cost approximately $1.5 million.[4]



  • History 1
  • Organ 2
  • References 3
  • External links 4

The Alabama and its historic organ were added to the Alabama Register of Landmarks and Heritage on February 15, 1977 and to the National Register of Historic Places on November 13, 1979.[1][2] The theater has been surveyed by the Historic American Buildings Survey on several occasions, the last time being in 1996.[3]


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