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Title: Apoplexy  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: James Tod, John Ordronaux (doctor), Kwan Hoi-san, Dick Padden, Stroke
Collection: Pathology
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Apoplexy (from ovarian apoplexy is bleeding in the ovaries. The term formerly referred to what is now called a stroke;[1] nowadays, health care professionals typically specify the type of apoplexy, such as cerebral, ovarian and pituitary apoplexy.

Informally, apoplexy is associated with being furious, especially as "apoplectic".[2]


  • Historical meaning 1
  • Hemorrhage 2
  • Deaths attributed to apoplexy 3
  • See also 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6

Historical meaning

From the late 14th to the late 19th century,[3] apoplexy referred to any sudden death that began with a sudden loss of consciousness, especially one in which the victim died within a matter of seconds after losing consciousness. The word apoplexy may have been used to refer to the symptom of sudden loss of consciousness immediately preceding death. Ruptured aortic aneurysms, and even heart attacks and strokes were referred to as apoplexy in the past, because before the advent of medical science there was little ability to differentiate pathoses (because there was very little accurate understanding of physiology in general).


Because the term by itself is now ambiguous, it is often coupled with a descriptive adjective to indicate the site of bleeding. For example, bleeding within the pituitary gland is called pituitary apoplexy, and bleeding within the adrenal glands can be called adrenal apoplexy.

Apoplexy also includes hemorrhaging with the gland and accompanying neurological problems such as confusion, headache, and impairment of consciousness.

Deaths attributed to apoplexy

See also


  1. ^ Apoplexy at
  2. ^ Collins World English Dictionary: apoplexy
  3. ^ OED Online, 2010, Oxford University Press. 7 February 2011
  4. ^  
  5. ^  
  6. ^ Pastel and pastellists, February 13, 2013: "Joseph DUCREUX" (PDF). Retrieved April 30, 2013. 
  7. ^ "Leonhard Euler (1707–1783)". 
  8. ^ Mein Kampf by Adolf Hitler, 4%
  9. ^ [1] Archived August 15, 2010 at the Wayback Machine
  10. ^  
  11. ^ Melvin, Mungo (2011). Manstein: Hitler's Greatest General. London: Phoenix Orion Books. p. 503.  
  12. ^ a b Ferguson Nisbet, John. The Insanity of Genius and the General Inequality of Human Faculty. Elibron Classics.  
  13. ^ St. Hilaire, "Military Household of the Emperor." Sixth Book, 1806. Napoleon Series. Robert Burnham, editor in chief. September 2005. Accessed 18 May 2010. (French) Mullié Charles. "Michel Ordener." Biographie des célébrités militaires des armées de terre et de mer de 1789 à 1850, Paris, 1852.
  14. ^ "Letter of Horace Mann to Horace Walpole, 30 April 1782". 2013-04-17. Retrieved 2014-02-25. 
  15. ^ "Polk County Journal (Crookston, MN), July 7, 1905 to December 28, 1905, Volume XXX, Page 170 | Document Viewer". Retrieved 2014-02-25. 
  16. ^ Craik, Alex D. D. (2008). Mr Hopkins' Men: Cambridge Reform and British Mathematics in the 19th Century. London: Springer. p. 95.  
  17. ^  

External links

  • The dictionary definition of apoplexy at Wiktionary
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