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Auguste Michel-Lévy


Auguste Michel-Lévy

Auguste Michel-Lévy
Auguste Michel-Lévy
Born 7 August 1844
Died 27 September 1911
Nationality French
Fields geology
Institutions Geological Survey of France
Influences F Fouqué
Auguste Michel-Lévy

(7 August 1844 - 27 September 1911) was a French geologist. He was born in Paris.


He became inspector-general of mines, and director of the Geological Survey of France. He was distinguished for his researches on extrusive rocks and their microscopic structure and origins. He employed the polarizing microscope early on for the identification of minerals. In his many contributions to scientific journals he described the granulite group, and dealt with pegmatites, variolites, eurites, the ophites of the Pyrenees, the extinct volcanoes of Central France, gneisses, and crystalline schists.

He wrote Structures et classification des roches éruptives (1889), but his more elaborate studies were carried out with F Fouqué. Together they wrote on the artificial production of feldspar, nepheline and other minerals, and also of meteorites, and produced Minéralogie micrographique (1879) and Synthése des minéraux et des roches (1882). Levy also collaborated with Alfred Lacroix in Les Minéraux des roches (1888) and Tableau des minéraux des roches (1889).

Michel-Lévy pioneered the use of birefringence to identify minerals in thin section with a petrographic microscope. He is widely known for the Michel-Lévy interference colour chart, which defines the interference colors from different orders of birefringence.

He also created classification schemes for igneous rocks which accounted for their mineralogy, texture, and composition, and showed that igneous rocks of different mineralogies could be formed from the same chemical composition, with different conditions of crystallization.



External links

  • Modern Microscopy, Michel-Lévy Interference Color Chart
  • Molecular Expressions Microscopy Primer, Michel-Lévy Birefringence Chart
  • Nikon Microscopy U, Michel-Lévy Birefringence Chart
  • Olympus Microscopy Resource Center, Michel-Lévy Birefringence Chart
  • Carl Zeiss Microscopy, Michel-Lévy Color Chart.

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