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Bas-Congo Province
Province du Bas-Congo
Location of Bas-Congo Province
Country  Democratic Republic of the Congo
Capital Matadi
Largest city Matadi
 • Governor Simon Mbaki Batshia
 • Total 53,920 km2 (20,820 sq mi)
Population (2010 est.)
 • Total 4,522,942
 • Density 84/km2 (220/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Bakongo
Official language French
National language Kikongo

Bas-Congo or Kongo Central is one of the eleven provinces of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.


  • History 1
  • Geography 2
  • Divisions 3
  • References 4
  • Bibliography 5


Bas-Congo was formerly known as Kongo Central[1][2] and then Bas-Zaïre. At the time of the independence of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the province was part of the greater province of Leopoldville, along with the city of Kinshasa and the districts of Kwango, Kwilu and Mai-Ndombe.


Landscape of Kongo Central
BaKongo voodoo masks from the Kongo Central region

Bas-Congo is the only province with a coastline (Atlantic Ocean). It borders the provinces of Kinshasa to the north-east, Kwango to the east, and the Republic of Angola to the south as well as the Republic of the Congo and Cabinda to the north.


The provincial capital is Matadi. The only other official city is Boma. The remainder of the province is divided into the districts of Bas-Fleuve, Cataractes and Lukaya.

Towns with their 2010 populations are:

Name District Territory Pop. 2010[3] Coordinates[3]
Boma - - 167,326
Inga Bas-Fleuve District Tshela Territory 10,417
Inkisi Lukaya District Kasangulu Territory 77,797
Kasangulu Lukaya District Kasangulu Territory 30,724
Kimpese Cataractes District Songololo Territory 53,660
Kimvula Lukaya District Kimvula Territory
Kinzau-Mvuete Bas-Fleuve District Tshela Territory 17,870
Lukula Bas-Fleuve District Lukula Territory 31,394
Luozi Cataractes District Luozi Territory 13,258
Madimba Lukaya District Madimba Territory
Matadi - - 291,338
Mbanza-Ngungu Cataractes District Mbanza-Ngungu Territory 97,037
Muanda - Muanda Territory 86,896
Seke-Banza Bas-Fleuve District Seke-Banza Territory 6,015
Songololo Cataractes District Songololo Territory 12,382
Tshela Bas-Fleuve District Tshela Territory 45,588

Following the 2005 Constitution (effective 18 February 2006), the Democratic Republic of the Congo was to be divided into 25 provinces within 36 months (18 February 2009); with Bas-Congo being renamed Kongo Central. As of October 2010, this had not taken place.[4]


  1. ^ "Constitution de la République Démocratique du Congo du 1er août 1964" [Constitution of the Democratic Republic of the Congo of 1 August 1964]. Global Legal Information Network (in French). 1964. Retrieved 22 May 2012.  (Article 4)
  2. ^ "Constitution de la République Démocratique du Congo du 24 juin 1967" [Constitution of the Democratic Republic of the Congo of 24 June 1967]. Global Legal Information Network (in French). 1967. Retrieved 22 May 2012.  (Article 1)
  3. ^ a b "Bas-Congo: largest cities and towns and statistics of their population". World Gazetteer. 
  4. ^ "The AMP conclave: Another step towards 2011 elections". Congo Siasa. 


  • Gillet, J. (1927) Catalogue des plantes du jardin d'essais de la mission de Kisantu. Bruxelles 166 pp.
  • Pauwels, L. (1993) Nzayilu N'ti - guide des arbres et arbustes de la région de Kinshasa - Brazzaville. Meise ISBN 9072619102, 495 pp.
  • Latham, P. (2003) Edible caterpillars and their food plants in Bas-Congo Mystole Publications. ISBN 0954301277, 60 pp.
  • Kibungu Kembelo, A.O. (2004) Plantes medicinales du Bas-Congo et leurs usages DFID. 197 pp.
  • Latham, P. (2004) Useful plants of Bas-Congo province DFID. ISBN 0954669835, 320 pp.
  • Latham, P. (2008) Les chenilles comestibles et leurs plantes nourricières dans la province du Bas-Congo DFID. ISBN 9780955420863,44 pp.
  • Latham, P. et Konda ku Mbuta, A. (2010) Plantes utiles du Bas-Congo. Mystole Publications. ISBN 9780955420818, 372 pp.
  • Latham, P. et Konda ku Mbuta, A. (2011) Some honeybee plants of Bas-Congo province DFID. ISBN 9780955420894, 248 pp.
  • Latham, P. & Konda ku Mbuta, A. (2014) Useful plants of Bas-Congo province ISBN 9780955420870, 553 pp.
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