World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Birmingham, Alabama, metropolitan area

Article Id: WHEBN0030870804
Reproduction Date:

Title: Birmingham, Alabama, metropolitan area  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Alabama, Talladega-Sylacauga, AL Micropolitan Statistical Area, Birmingham–Hoover metropolitan area, St. Clair County, Alabama, Hoover, Alabama
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Birmingham, Alabama, metropolitan area

Birmingham-Hoover-Cullman Combined Statistical Area

The Birmingham metropolitan area, sometimes known as Greater Birmingham, is a metropolitan area in central Alabama centered on the city of Birmingham.

As of 2013, the federal government defines the Birmingham-Hoover, AL Metropolitan Statistical Area as consisting of seven counties (Bibb, Blount, Chilton, Jefferson, St. Clair, Shelby, and Walker) centered on Birmingham.[1] The population of this metropolitan statistical area as of the 2010 census was 1,130,047, making it the 49th largest metropolitan statistical area in the United States as of that date. According to the United States Census 2013 estimate, the metro area has a population of 1,140,300.

The seven counties in the Birmingham–Hoover metropolitan statistical area are combined with the Cullman micropolitan area (Cullman County) and the Talladega-Sylacauga micropolitan area (Talladega County and Coosa County) to form the federally defined Birmingham-Hoover-Talladega, AL Combined Statistical Area.[1]

According to the United States Census 2013 estimate, the combined statistical area has a population of 1,313,105. It is the 42nd largest population sub-region in the United States, and the largest population region in Alabama, constituting roughly 1/4 of the state's population. Nearby counties Tuscaloosa, Etowah, and Calhoun, while not officially a part of Greater Birmingham, contribute significantly to the region's economy.

Counties

Cities

Primary Cities

Suburbs with more than 10,000 inhabitants

Economy

The economy of Greater Birmingham is the most diversified of any metropolitan area in Alabama. Many of the region's major employers are located in Birmingham and Jefferson County. The economy of Birmingham ranges from service industries such as banking and finance to health-related technological research and heavy industry. The University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB) is Alabama's largest employer as well as the area's largest, with some 20,000 employees. The area is world headquarters for Regions Financial, one of the nation's top 10 banks, and Books-A-Million, the second largest book retailer in the United States.

Major employers

Transportation

Road

Greater Birmingham is at the convergence of four major interstate highways: Atlanta); Interstate 59 (which connects with New Orleans and Chattanooga); and Interstate 22 (which connects with Memphis). Interstate 459, completed in 1984, forms a southern bypass around Birmingham. It runs through portions of Bessemer, Vestavia Hills, and Trussville, and forms a main route through the primary city of Hoover. Interstate 422, the Birmingham Northern Bypass is planned to run from the current I-20/59/459 interchange near Bessemer to Interstate 59 and US Route 11 near Argo. It is planned to be completed by 2048.

Four U.S. highways, US-31, US-11, US-78, and US-280, run through Greater Birmingham. US-31 parallels Interstate 65 for its entire route, including Greater Birmingham. US-280 runs southeast of the city, connecting it with Auburn and Auburn University. The corridor through suburban Birmingham is notorious for its severe congestion as it carries about 200% of its traffic capacity. US-31 and 280 merge in Homewood to form the Elton B. Stephens Expressway. This expressway goes through a geologic cut through Red Mountain, connecting downtown Birmingham to its southern suburbs. US-78 parallels Interstate 22 to the northwest of Birmingham, and Interstate 20 to the east. US-11 parallels Interstate 59 for its entire route. All four of these highways meet in downtown Birmingham.

Mass transit

Birmingham received $87 million from the US Congress to help fund a regional transportation system. However, no progress has been made. The only form of regional mass transit is the Birmingham-Jefferson County Transit Authority (BJCTA) bus system, which has been severely underfunded.

Birmingham ranks as one of the top automobile cities, and routinely fails EPA air quality standards.

Air

Greater Birmingham is served by the Atlanta's Hartsfield-Jackson International Airport, the busiest airport in the World.

There have been proposals to build a major international airport in the Greater Birmingham area to serve as a relief airport for Atlanta, but no official plans have been made.

Natural features

Rivers

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "OMB Bulletin No. 13-01: Revised Delineations of Metropolitan Statistical Areas, Micropolitan Statistical Areas, and Combined Statistical Areas, and Guidance on Uses of the Delineations of These Areas".  

External links

  • Birmingham Business Alliance, a co-operative that involves many of the counties in Greater Birmingham

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.