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Bridgeport, Alabama

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Bridgeport, Alabama

Bridgeport
City
Location in Jackson County and the state of Alabama
Location in Jackson County and the state of Alabama
Coordinates:
Country United States
State Alabama
County Jackson
Area
 • Total 3.2 sq mi (8.4 km2)
 • Land 3.1 sq mi (8.1 km2)
 • Water 0.1 sq mi (0.3 km2)
Elevation 673 ft (205 m)
Population (2000)
 • Total 2,728
 • Density 852.5/sq mi (324.8/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 35740
Area code(s) 256
FIPS code 01-09328
GNIS feature ID 0114905

Bridgeport is a city in Jackson County, Alabama, United States. At the time of 2000 census the population was 2,728. Bridgeport is included in the Chattanooga-Cleveland-Dalton, TN-GA-AL Combined Statistical Area.

History

The town was originally settled under the name Jonesville in the early 19th century. The Jonesville post office was established in 1852. In 1854, the name was changed to Bridgeport for a new railroad bridge over the Tennessee River and the previously established river port.

Because of its location on both a rail line and the Tennessee River, Bridgeport was a strategic site during the American Civil War. The rail bridge at Bridgeport was among those targeted by the East Tennessee bridge-burning conspiracy in November 1861. Bridgeport was the site of a major skirmish on April 29 and August 26, 1862, and numerous other small actions took place in the area. In the latter part of the war, Bridgeport was the site of a major shipyard building gunboats and transports for the Union Army. The USS Chattanooga was built here and became a vital part of the famous "Cracker Line," which broke the Confederate's siege of Chattanooga in November 1863.(See the official records) Bridgeport was incorporated as a city in 1891.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.2 square miles (8.3 km2), of which, 3.1 square miles (8.0 km2) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) of it (4.00%) is water.

Demographics

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 2,728 people, 1,159 households, and 793 families residing in the city. The population density was 875.4 people per square mile (337.6/km2). There were 1,290 housing units at an average density of 414.0 per square mile (159.6/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 87.76% White, 8.03% Black or African American, 1.43% Native American, 0.11% Asian, 0.37% from other races, and 2.31% from two or more races. 1.32% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 1,159 households out of which 29.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.7% were married couples living together, 13.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.5% were non-families. 29.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.88.

In the city the population was spread out with 24.0% under the age of 18, 8.4% from 18 to 24, 27.1% from 25 to 44, 24.9% from 45 to 64, and 15.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 90.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.3 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $28,981, and the median income for a family was $33,712. Males had a median income of $30,685 versus $19,583 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,779. About 9.5% of families and 13.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.4% of those under age 18 and 23.8% of those age 65 or over.

Climate

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Bridgeport has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.[2]
Climate data for Bridgeport, Alabama
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 9
(49)
12
(54)
17
(63)
23
(73)
27
(80)
30
(86)
32
(89)
32
(89)
28
(83)
23
(73)
17
(62)
11
(52)
21.8
(71.1)
Average low °C (°F) −2
(28)
−1
(31)
3
(37)
8
(46)
12
(54)
17
(62)
19
(66)
18
(65)
15
(59)
8
(46)
3
(37)
−1
(30)
8.3
(46.8)
Precipitation mm (inches) 135
(5.3)
132
(5.2)
155
(6.1)
122
(4.8)
112
(4.4)
104
(4.1)
132
(5.2)
94
(3.7)
89
(3.5)
79
(3.1)
104
(4.1)
142
(5.6)
1,400
(55.1)
Source: Weatherbase [3]

References

  1. ^ "American FactFinder".  
  2. ^ Climate Summary for Bridgeport, Alabama
  3. ^ "Weatherbase.com". Weatherbase. 2013.  Retrieved on November 6, 2013.

External links

  • Bridgeport, Alabama History - Birth through Civil War
  • Bridgeport, Alabama History - Post War to Present Day
  • Sequatchie Valley Railroad & Bridgeport
  • Bridgeport, Alabama history
  • Military reports of the 1862 skirmish
  • Siege at Bridgeport re-enactment site
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