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Ciudad Victoria

Ciudad Victoria
City
Coat of arms of Ciudad Victoria
Coat of arms
Ciudad Victoria is located in Mexico
Ciudad Victoria
Coordinates:
Country Mexico
State Tamaulipas
Foundation October 6, 1750
Government
 • Mayor Alejandro Etienne Llano
Area
 • City 188 km2 (73 sq mi)
Elevation 316 m (1,040 ft ft)
Population (2010)
 • City 305,155
 • Metro 321,953
 • Demonym Victorense
Time zone CST (UTC−6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC−5)
Website http://www.ciudadvictoria.gob.mx
Government Tower II
Basilica de Nuestra Señora del Refugio

Ciudad Victoria (   ), is the capital city of the Mexican state of Tamaulipas. It is located in the western-central region of the state. Ciudad Victoria is also the municipal seat of the surrounding Victoria Municipality, which covers an area of 1,638 km² (632.4 sq mi). According to the 2010 INEGI population count, the city had 305,155 inhabitants, and the Victoria Municipality had a population of 321,953.[1] The city and the municipality both rank fourth in population size in the state, behind Reynosa, Matamoros, and Nuevo Laredo.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Air travel 2
  • Education 3
  • Notable residents 4
  • Geography 5
    • Climate 5.1
  • References 6
  • External links 7

History

Ciudad Victoria was founded on October 6, 1750 with the name Villa de Santa María de Aguayo by José de Escandón y Helguera. On April 20, 1825, the town was elevated to the status of city, and was given its current name in honor of the first president of Mexico, Guadalupe Victoria. Toward the end of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century, the city began undergoing a number of modernizing changes. In 1890, a railroad was completed that passed through Ciudad Victoria on its route between Monterrey and Tampico. Several major highways were also completed during the 20th century.

Several monuments and structures were built during the 19th and early 20th century, including a bronze statue of Benito Juárez on July 18, 1897, the Juárez Theater in 1899, and on September 15, 1910, a monument to the heroes of the independence of Mexico. In 1896, the first children's garden/playground (kindergarten) in Latin America was established in the city by Estefanía Castañeda Núñez de Cáceres.

Air travel

The city is served by General Pedro J. Méndez International Airport, located 18 kilometers (11 mi) from the city center.

Education

List of universities in Ciudad Victoria:

  • Universidad Miguel Aleman Campus Victoría, (Founded in Miguel Aleman Tamaulipas and Roma, Texas, since 1981)
  • The Autonomous University of Tamaulipas, founded in 1950.
  • Universidad La Salle.
  • Instituto Tecnológico de Ciudad Victoria
  • Instituto de Ciencias y Estudios Superiores de Tamaulipas
  • Universidad Valle de México
  • Universidad Politecnica de Victoria
  • Universidad Vizcaya de las Américas
  • Centro de Estudios Universitarios
  • Universidad Pedagógica Nacional
  • Escuela Libre de Derecho
  • Escuelas normales

Notable residents

Geography

Victoria is located 316 metres (1,037 ft) above sea level and at coordinates just north of the Tropic of Cancer. The city is in a valley between two mountain ranges: the Sierra Madre Oriental to the west and the Sierra de Tamaulipas to the east.

Climate

Victoria has short mild winters and long hot summers. Temperatures rarely drop below 0 °C (32 °F) — the lowest recorded temperature was −6 °C (21 °F) and the hottest was 48.5 °C (119.3 °F), one of the highest temperatures ever recorded in Mexico. The average annual precipitation is 700 millimeters (28 in). Half of this amount falls between May and September, although there is a drying trend in July. Its Köppen climate classification is Cwa or humid subtropical, its moderate elevation adds to overall precipitation pattern. Exceptionally heavy rains brought by occasional North Atlantic tropical cyclones also influence the overall climate and precipitation amounts.

Climate data for Ciudad Victoria
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 37.1
(98.8)
39.0
(102.2)
42.5
(108.5)
45.5
(113.9)
47.5
(117.5)
48.5
(119.3)
42.0
(107.6)
42.0
(107.6)
41.0
(105.8)
40.0
(104)
38.0
(100.4)
39.0
(102.2)
48.5
(119.3)
Average high °C (°F) 22.7
(72.9)
25.2
(77.4)
29.0
(84.2)
32.2
(90)
34.0
(93.2)
35.2
(95.4)
35.0
(95)
35.2
(95.4)
32.7
(90.9)
29.8
(85.6)
26.4
(79.5)
23.4
(74.1)
30.1
(86.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) 16.4
(61.5)
18.2
(64.8)
21.8
(71.2)
25.0
(77)
27.0
(80.6)
28.3
(82.9)
28.2
(82.8)
28.3
(82.9)
26.5
(79.7)
23.7
(74.7)
20.3
(68.5)
17.2
(63)
23.4
(74.1)
Average low °C (°F) 10.0
(50)
11.3
(52.3)
14.5
(58.1)
17.8
(64)
20.1
(68.2)
21.5
(70.7)
21.5
(70.7)
21.4
(70.5)
20.3
(68.5)
17.6
(63.7)
14.1
(57.4)
10.9
(51.6)
16.8
(62.2)
Record low °C (°F) −1.0
(30.2)
−3.0
(26.6)
1.0
(33.8)
4.0
(39.2)
10.5
(50.9)
12.5
(54.5)
8.0
(46.4)
10.5
(50.9)
6.0
(42.8)
6.7
(44.1)
1.0
(33.8)
−6.0
(21.2)
−6.0
(21.2)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 18.9
(0.744)
13.9
(0.547)
22.3
(0.878)
26.8
(1.055)
78.5
(3.091)
125.1
(4.925)
74.3
(2.925)
95.5
(3.76)
173.1
(6.815)
70.9
(2.791)
20.5
(0.807)
18.3
(0.72)
738.1
(29.059)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 2.8 2.7 2.7 3.5 6.0 6.7 4.2 5.4 8.1 4.8 2.7 2.8 52.4
Average relative humidity (%) 73 69 67 68 72 70 67 68 73 75 76 75 71
Mean monthly sunshine hours 203 185 226 226 218 216 244 256 243 230 216 220 2,683
Source: Servicio Meteorológico Nacional[10][11][12]

References

  1. ^ INEGI: Conteo 2010: Poblacion por localidad
  2. ^ Internet Movie Database
  3. ^ "Emilio Portes Gil" - Encyclopædia Britannica, 2009
  4. ^ Baseball Reference
  5. ^ El Universal (Spanish)
  6. ^ El Mañana (Spanish)
  7. ^ UT Blaze
  8. ^ Barkett, Rosemary
  9. ^ [2]
  10. ^ "NORMALES CLIMATOLÓGICAS 1951-2010" (in Spanish). Servicio Meteorológico National. Retrieved April 18, 2013. 
  11. ^ "Extreme Temperatures and Precipitation for Ciudad Victoria (SMN) 1942–1960" (in Spanish). Servicio Meteorológico National. Retrieved December 3, 2013. 
  12. ^ "NORMALES CLIMATOLÓGICAS 1981-2000" (PDF) (in Spanish). Comision Nacional Del Agua. Retrieved April 18, 2013. 
  • Tamaulipas Enciclopedia de los Municipios de México

External links

  • (Spanish) Dirección de Tecnología
  • (Spanish) Instituto Tecnológico de Ciudad Victoria
  • (Spanish) Universidad Autónoma de Tamaulipas

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