World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Edwin A. Locke


Edwin A. Locke

Professor Edwin A Locke (born January 5, 1938) is an American psychologist and a pioneer in [1]

Locke is a proponent of People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals. In a winter 2010 interview with Imagineer Magazine, he stated, "I don’t think PETA want all beings equal at all; I think they want man to suffer and die."[3][4]


  • Academia 1
  • Theories 2
  • Awards 3
  • Attainments 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6


Locke received his undergraduate degree in Psychology from Emeritus in the University of Maryland. Throughout his career, Professor Locke has published over 260 chapters, books and articles.


The Goal Setting Theory was developed by Edwin A. Locke in 1968, in order to explain human actions in specific work situations. The theory argues that goals and intentions are cognitive and willful, and that they serve as mediators of human actions and that our needs and our goals are mediated by our values, which determine what is beneficial for us.

The two most important findings of this theory are that setting specific goals (e.g., I want to earn $500 more a month) generates higher levels of performance than setting general goals (e.g., I want to earn more money), and that goals that are hard to achieve are linearly and positively connected to performance. The harder the goal, the more a person will work to reach it. However, such influences on performance are mediated by two conditions—feedback, and that the person in question accepts the goal.

A goal is described as reaching a great certain level of efficiency in a certain area, usually under a time limit. Goals have two characteristics—the goal's content, and the goal's intensity. The content refers to what we actually want to achieve (e.g., I want to earn $500 more a month). The intensity refers to the amount of physical and mental resources needed to create and achieve the content. The original model proposed by Locke consisted of five steps: Environmental Stimuli → Cognition → Evaluation → Intentions\ Goal Setting → Performance.


The Distinguished Scientific Contribution Award from the Academy of Management (Human Resources Division) Outstanding Teacher-Scholar Award from the University of Maryland

James Mckeen Cattell Fellow Award, Association for Psychological Science


Fellow of the American Psychological Association, the American Psychological Society, the Academy of Management, the Society for Industrial & Organizational Psychology and the Society for Organizational Behavior


  1. ^ Association for Psychological Science. "2005 James McKeen Cattell Fellow Award". Retrieved 2009-05-28. 
  2. ^ Locke, Edwin A. (April 24, 2003). "On May Day Delebrate Capitalism". Retrieved 2009-05-28. 
  3. ^ Winter 2010 interview with Imagineer Magazine
  4. ^ McConnell, Scott, "Edwin A. Locke," 100 Voices: an Oral History of Ayn Rand, 2010, New American Library, pp. 351-352.

External links

  • Professor Locke's home page
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.