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Gloria al Bravo Pueblo

 

Gloria al Bravo Pueblo

Gloria al Bravo Pueblo
English: Glory to the Brave People

National anthem of  Venezuela
Also known as La Marsellesa Venezolana
English: Venezuelan Marseillaise
Lyrics Vicente Salias, 1810
Music Juan José Landaeta
Adopted 1881
Music sample

Gloria al Bravo Pueblo (Glory to the Brave People) was adopted as Venezuela's national anthem by President Antonio Guzmán Blanco on May 25, 1881. The lyrics were written by the physician and journalist Vicente Salias in 1810. The music was later composed by musician Juan José Landaeta. It is said, however, that the melody has been known since 1840 as La Marsellesa Venezolana (Venezuelan Marseillaise), in reference to its subtle similarity to the French national anthem.

Some recent investigations have suggested that the real author of the anthem was Andrés Bello, and not Salias, to whom it was originally credited, and the music was composed by another musician called Lino Gallardo. However, this theory has yet to be proven, and lacks any real recognition among the general Venezuelan population, historians, or otherwise.

Contents

  • Lyrics 1
  • Usage And Regulations 2
  • References & Notes 3
  • External links 4

Lyrics

Spanish

— Coro —
Gloria al bravo pueblo
que el yugo lanzó,
la Ley respetando
la virtud y honor.
(repeat all)
 
— I —
¡Abajo cadenas! (2x)
Gritaba el señor; (2x)
y el pobre en su choza
libertad pidió.
A este santo nombre
tembló de pavor
el vil egoísmo
que otra vez triunfó.
(repeat last four lines)
(repeat last two lines)
 
(Coro)
— II —
Gritemos con brío (2x)
¡Muera la opresión! (2x)
Compatriotas fieles,
la fuerza es la unión;
y desde el empíreo,
el Supremo Autor
un sublime aliento
al pueblo infundió.
(repeat last four lines)
(repeat last two lines)
 
(Coro)
— III —
Unida con lazos (2x)
que el cielo formó, (2x)
la América toda
existe en nación;
y si el despotismo
levanta la voz
seguid el ejemplo
que Caracas dió.
(repeat last four lines)
(repeat last two lines)
(Coro)

English

— Chorus —
Glory to the brave people
who shook off the yoke,
Respecting the law,
virtue and honour.
(repeat all)
 
— I —
“Down with chains!” (2x)
The Lord yelled; (2x)
And the poor man in his hovel
For Freedom implored.
Upon this holy name
Trembled in great dread
The vile selfishness
That had once prevailed.
(repeat last four lines)
(repeat last two lines)
 
(Chorus)
— II —
Let’s scream out aloud: (2x)
"Death to oppression!" (2x)
Oh, loyal countrymen:
Strength is in unity;
And from the Empyrean
The Supreme Author
A sublime spirit
To the people blew.
(repeat last four lines)
(repeat last two lines)
 
(Chorus)
— III —
United by bonds (2x)
That Heaven has formed, (2x)
The entire America
Exists as a Nation;
And if ever despotism
Raises again its voice,
Then follow the example
That Caracas gave.
(repeat last four lines)
(repeat last two lines)
(Chorus)

Usage And Regulations

The Venezuelan national anthem is played every day on radio and television broadcasts at 6:00 am, 12:00 am and 12:00 pm (either the full version or the chorus, first stanza and chorus) on all national TV networks. On radio broadcasts, the state anthem is played after the national anthem, which is also the case in state TV stations.

In most occasions, only the chorus, first stanza and the chorus are played or even the chorus itself. Sometimes the chorus is played twice in the beginning, and once in the rest of the anthem. In formal events (if the anthem will be played by either a military band, concert band or orchestra) the format is: Chorus (2x), First verse and Chorus (2x), with the optional introduction. If played in full the chorus is sung twice, with or without the introductiory notes.

References & Notes

[1]

  1. ^ https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/index.html

External links

  • (Spanish) Efemérides Venezolanas, for detailed information.
  • (Spanish) Gloria al Bravo Pueblo (1810)
  • - Audio of the national anthem of Venezuela, with information and lyricsGloria al Bravo PuebloVenezuela:
  • Gloria al Bravo Pueblo (short version 1987) - Orquesta Sinfónica Simón Bolivar
  • Gloria al Bravo Pueblo - Presidential Honor Guard Band
  • Gloria al Bravo Pueblo (ceremony version) by Orquesta Sinfónica Simón Bolivar
  • Gloria al Bravo Pueblo by Orquesta Sinfónica Simón Bolivar
  • vocal


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