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Humacao

Humacao, Puerto Rico
Municipality

Downtown Humacao from its city hall.
Coat of arms of Humacao, Puerto Rico
Coat of arms
Nickname(s): "La Perla del Oriente", "La Ciudad Gris", "Capital del Este" & "Ciudad del sol saliente"
Anthem: "Humacao, Hijo del Taíno Bravío"

Location of Humacao in Puerto Rico

Coordinates: 18°08′59″N 65°49′39″W / 18.14972°N 65.82750°W / 18.14972; -65.82750Coordinates: 18°08′59″N 65°49′39″W / 18.14972°N 65.82750°W / 18.14972; -65.82750

Country United States
Territory Puerto Rico
Founded April, 1722
Government
 • Mayor Marcelo Trujillo Panisse (Partido Popular Democrático)
 • Senatorial dist. 7 - Humacao
 • Representative dist. 35
Area
 • Total Template:Infobox settlement/impus/mag
 • Land 45 sq mi (117 km2)
 • Water 10.28 sq mi (26.63 km2)
Population (2010)
 • Total 58,466
 • Density 1,100/sq mi (410/km2)
 • Racial groups
(2000 Census) [1]
69.7% White
12.9% Black
0.4% American Indian/An
0.3% Asian
0.0% Native Hawaiian/Pi
9.7% Some other race
6.9% Two or more races
Demonym Humacaeños
Time zone AST (UTC-4)
Zip code 00791, 00792, 00741

Humacao (Spanish pronunciation: [umaˈka.o]) is a city in Puerto Rico located in the eastern coast of the island, north of Yabucoa; south of Naguabo; east of Las Piedras; and west of Vieques Passage. Humacao is spread over 10 wards and Humacao Pueblo (The downtown area and the administrative center of the city). It is part of the San Juan-Caguas-Guaynabo Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History

Humacao was founded on April, 1722 and became autonomous (town) in 1793. Humacao derives its name from a local Indian Chief Jumacao, a monument of whom welcomes visitors from the east. For more than a decade, Humacao has been led by mayor Marcelo Trujillo Panisse. A basketball star in his early years, he is pushing for the development of infrastructure facilities for sports and the fine arts.

On March, 2008, a new Roman Catholic diocese was established as the Fajardo-Humacao diocese. Its first bishop is Monsignor Eusebio 'Chebito' Ramos Morales, a maunabeño who was rector of the Humacao's main parish in the 1990s.

Geography

  • Rivers are: Antón Ruíz, Candelero and Humacao
  • Gulches are: Cataño, Del Obispo, Del Inglés, Frontera and Mariana
  • Two islands belong to Humacao:

Cityscape

Barrios

  • Antón Ruiz
  • Buena Vista
  • Candelero Abajo
  • Candelero Arriba
  • Cataño
  • Collores
  • Cotto Mabu
  • Jagüeyes
  • Junquito
  • Las Asturianas
  • Mabú
  • Mambiche (Blanco and Prieto)
  • Mariana
  • Pasto Viejo
  • Punta Santiago
  • Palmas Del Mar
  • Río Abajo
  • Tejas
  • Buzo
  • Vidal
  • Villas

Tourism

Palmas del Mar, the island's largest resort, makes Humacao its home. This megaresort is composed of over 3,000 acres (12 km2) of land and occupies the entire south eastern portion of the municipal territory. The resort contains over 20 tennis courts, two world-class golf courses, miles of unspoiled beaches, several restaurants and a world class riding center.

Landmarks and places of interest

  • Astronomical Observatory
  • Buena Vista Beach
  • Casa Roig
  • Church Dulce Nombre de Jesús
  • El Morrillo Beach
  • Guzmán Ermit
  • Punta Santiago Beach
  • Wildlife Refuge
  • The Co-cathedral
  • La Casona (Municipal cultural venue)

Economy

Culture


Festivals and events

The Fiesta patronal dedicated to the Immaculate Conception is held at the beginning of December. It has lost most of its religious content to become a popular festival with live music, food, drinks and verbenas.

The Breadfruit Festival (Festival de la Pana) is celebrated during the first weekend of September. It is organized by the Mariana's Recreational and Cultural Association (ARECMA), a community organization of the Barrio Mariana. Its main theme is about the preparation of dishes whose main ingredient is breadfruit. Typical Puerto Rican music, crafts and foods as well as other cultural and sports activities can also be enjoyed. Most years it has been held at one of the highest places of the sector with a spectacular view to Humacao, Las Piedras, Naguabo, Vieques and Yabucoa.

One of Puerto Rico's most important charity fund-raising activities, La Buena Vida Festival, takes place in Palmas del Mar every year. Now in its 15th year, La Buena Vida gathers several hundred good-hearted Puerto Ricans and visitors from abroad, to enjoy fine art, excellent food from our foremost chefs-de-cuisine, and the best wines available in Puerto Rico. A silent art and wine auction is held at the peak of the activity. Led by chairlady Ivonne Cruz-Serrano, last year's LBVF was able to collect close to $100,000.00 for four of our Eastern region service organizations.

Every February, the community gathers to celebrate the Festival Comunitario de Humacao, sponsored by the Dulce Nombre de Jesús parish. A big celebration, indeed, where people of all creeds celebrate Life with nearby towns neighbours.

Sports

The Grises basketball team (Humacao Grays), founded in 2005, belongs to Puerto Rico's National Superior Basketball league. In 2010, they changed their name to the Caciques de Humacao. They play on the new Emilio E. Huyke Coliseum.

The Grises is also a Double A class amateur baseball team that has won one championship (1951) and four time runner-ups in (1950, 1960, 1965 and 1967).

Government

Main article: Mayoralty in Puerto Rico

Like all municipalities in Puerto Rico, Humacao is administered by a mayor. The current mayor is Marcelo Trujillo, from the Popular Democratic Party (PPD). Trujillo was elected at the 2000 general election.

The city belongs to the Puerto Rico Senatorial district VII, which is represented by two Senators. In 2012, Jorge Suárez and José Luis Dalmau were elected as District Senators.[2]

Healthcare

Humacao has three secondary care hospitals HIMA-San Pablo Humacao, Dr. Domínguez (Clínica Oriente), and Ryder Memorial Hospital.

Symbols

Flag

It consists of three horizontal stripes: gold that stands for Chief Jumacao's crown, red that symbolizes the Coat of Arms and the green that represents the arrows used by the Taínos.

Coat of arms

The coat of arms consists of two colors, gold and green. The gold represents the sun, Humacao is located in the island were the sun rises. Green symbolizes the native Indian heritage as well as the natural tropical valley where the city is located. The shield itself represents Humacao's native and Indian name origin.

Transportation

Humacao's airport is no longer used for daily flights to Vieques and Culebra as it was in the past. It is now used for charter flights.

Humacao is served by two freeways and one tolled expressway, therefore is one of a few cities in Puerto Rico with good access. Puerto Rico Highway 30, Autopista Cruz Ortiz Stella, serves as the main highway coming from the west (Caguas, Las Piedras), while Puerto Rico Highway 53 serves from the north (Fajardo, Naguabo) and south (Yabucoa). Puerto Rico Highway 60, the Carretera Dionisio Casillas, is a short freeway located entirely in Humacao, and has exits serving downtown Humacao and Anton Ruiz.

Puerto Rico Highway 3, the main highway bordering the east coastline of Puerto Rico from San Juan, passes through Humacao and has its only alt route in the town, known locally as the Bulevar del Rio (River Boulevard) where it has access to the main judiciary center of the city, as well as a future theatre that is being built, the Centro de Bellas Artes de Humacao (Humacao Fine Arts Center). The alt route allows people to pass by the downtown area, as PR-3 enters into the downtown and business center of the town.

Puerto Rico Highway 908 is another important highway, which begins at PR-3 and intersects PR-30 and has access to the University of Puerto Rico at Humacao, as well as some main schools.

Humacao, together with San Juan and Salinas, is one of three municipalities in Puerto Rico that has controlled-access highways leaving its boundaries in all directions (in this case north to Naguabo and south to Yabucoa via PR-53 and west to Las Piedras via PR-30)

Education

There are various excellent elementary and high school facilities, three of which were recognized by the Middle States Association of Secondary Schools and each has their own National Honor Society chapters.

The University of Puerto Rico at Humacao, formerly the CUH, educates over 4,000 students and is well known for its sciences, producing many of the island's most skilled microbiologists, marine biologists, wildlife biologists and chemists at the undergraduate level. It also manages an astronomical observatory where many tourists and locals come visit and view the stars and planets and the Museo Casa Roig were arts expositions and cultural events are celebrated.

Notable natives and residents

See also

Puerto Rico portal
Geography portal


References

  • Humacao and its barrios, United States Census Bureau
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