World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Jacksonville, Texas

Article Id: WHEBN0000135670
Reproduction Date:

Title: Jacksonville, Texas  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Cherokee County, Texas, KETK-TV, U.S. Route 175, Lee Ann Womack, Lon Morris College
Collection: Cities in Cherokee County, Texas, Cities in Texas, Micropolitan Areas of Texas, Populated Places Established in 1847
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Jacksonville, Texas

Jacksonville, Texas
Capital One Bank in Jacksonville is located near the intersection of Highways 69 and 79.
Capital One Bank in Jacksonville is located near the intersection of Highways 69 and 79.
Nickname(s): The Biggest Small Town in Texas
Location of Jacksonville, Texas
Location of Jacksonville, Texas
Country  United States
State  Texas
County Cherokee
 • Type Council-Manager
 • City Council Mayor Kenneth B. Melvin
Hubert Robinson
Jeff Smith
Billy McDonald
Rob Beall
 • City Manager Mo Raissi
 • Total 14.1 sq mi (36.6 km2)
 • Land 14.1 sq mi (36.6 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 522 ft (159 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 14,544
 • Density 1,031.5/sq mi (397.4/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 75766
Area code(s) 430, 903
FIPS code 48-37216[1]
GNIS feature ID 1374262[2]
The city's welcome sign
This building in downtown Jacksonville once housed the city's longtime post office location. It has since been the site of the Landmark Inn and Restaurant as well as classes for the hospitality program of the former Lon Morris College.
Jacksonville City Hall
Austin Bank in Jacksonville
Memorial to World War I Dead (1928) in Jacksonville
Baptist Missionary Association Theological Seminary, an entity of the Baptist Missionary Association of America, is located off U.S. Highway 69 in northern Jacksonville.
Central Baptist Church is located, not downtown, but in eastern Jacksonville.
First Presbyterian Church in Jacksonville

Jacksonville is a city located in Cherokee County, Texas, United States. The population was 14,544 at the 2010 census. It is the principal city of the Jacksonville Micropolitan Statistical Area, which includes all of Cherokee County, and part of the larger Tyler–Jacksonville combined statistical area.

Jacksonville is located in an area of rolling hills in East Texas, north of the county seat, Rusk, and south of Tyler, in neighboring Smith County, on U.S. Route 69. The north-south Highway 69 intersects the east-west U.S. Route 79 at the former Landmark Hotel/Restaurant and the Capital One Bank building in downtown Jacksonville.

Area production and shipping of tomatoes gained the town the title "Tomato Capital of the World". The impressive red iron ore rock Tomato Bowl, built by Works Progress Administration workers during the Great Depression, is home to the Jacksonville High School "Fightin' Indians" football and soccer teams. Annual events include the "Tomato Fest" celebration in June and the "Tops in Texas Rodeo" held in July.


  • Demographics 1
  • History 2
  • Geography 3
  • Climate 4
  • Government 5
    • Local government 5.1
    • State government 5.2
    • Federal government 5.3
    • Library 5.4
    • Education 5.5
      • Public school districts 5.5.1
      • Public high schools 5.5.2
  • Private colleges and universities 6
  • Transportation 7
  • Lake Jacksonville 8
  • An attempt to unionize meatcutters at Walmart 9
  • Notable people 10
  • References 11
  • External links 12


As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 13,868 people, 4,882 households, and 3,358 families residing in the city. The population density was 981.0 people per square mile (378.7/km2). There were 5,397 housing units at an average density of 381.8 per square mile (147.4/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 62.60% White, 21.70% African American, 0.48% Native American, 0.68% Asian, 0.13% Pacific Islander, 12.72% from other races, and 1.69% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 23.04% of the population.

There were 4,882 households out of which 35.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.5% were married couples living together, 17.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.2% were non-families. 27.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.71 and the average family size was 3.28.

In the city the age distribution of the population shows 29.2% under the age of 18, 12.1% from 18 to 24, 25.2% from 25 to 44, 17.9% from 45 to 64, and 15.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females there were 89.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.8 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $25,800, and the median income for a family was $31,176. Males had a median income of $23,650 versus $19,375 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,541. About 19.2% of families and 23.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 29.0% of those under age 18 and 17.7% of those age 65 or over.


Jacksonville began in 1847 as the town of Gum Creek. Jackson Smith built a home and blacksmith shop in the area, and became postmaster in 1848, when a post office was authorized. Shortly afterward, Dr. William Jackson established an office near Smith's shop. When the townsite was laid out in 1850, the name Jacksonville was chosen in honor of these two men. The name of the post office was changed from Gum Creek to Jacksonville in June 1850.


Jacksonville is located a .[5]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 14.1 square miles (37 km2), of which 14.1 square miles (37 km2) is land and 0.07% is water.

Jacksonville, Texas
Climate chart ()
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: / NWS


  • On average, the warmest month is July.
  • The highest recorded temperature was 110 °F (43 °C) in 1954.
  • On average, the coolest month is January.
  • The lowest recorded temperature was 5 °F (−15 °C) in 1982.
  • The most precipitation on average occurs in May.


Local government

According to the city’s most recent Adopted Budget, the city’s various funds had $14.9 million in Revenues, $15.7 million in expenditures, and $4.4 million fund balance.[6]

Management of the city and coordination of city services are provided by:[7]

Department Director
City Mayor Kenneth Melvin
City Manager Mo Raissi
Director of Finance
Fire Chief Paul White
Police Chief Reece Daniel
Library Director Barbara Crossman
Director of Parks and Recreation Ben Briley
Director of Public Works Will Cole
Director of Water and Sewer Utilities David Brock

State government

Jacksonville is represented in the Texas Senate by Republican Robert Nichols, District 3, and in the Texas House of Representatives by Republican Travis Clardy, District 11.

Federal government

At the Federal level, the two U.S. Senators from Texas are Republicans John Cornyn and Ted Cruz; Jacksonville is part of the Fifth Congressional District, represented by Republican Jeb Hensarling.


The Jacksonville Public Library has served the City of Jacksonville and Cherokee County for over 70 years. The Library is a member of the Texas Library Association, the Northeast Texas Library System and the Forest Trails Library Consortium.

The Library's collection now contains more than 61,000 physical items, with an annual circulation in 2006 of over 118,000 (including audio/visual materials and public computer usage). More than 75,000 people visited the Library in 2006; approximately 9,500 children attended events presented by the Library. The Library also maintains a Web site that receives over 21,000 visits annually.

The Library's operating hours are: Monday & Thursday, 12:00 noon to 8:00 pm; Tuesday, Wednesday, and Friday from 10:00 am to 6:00 pm; and Saturday from 10:00 am top 2:00 pm. The Library is closed on Sundays and most major holidays.

The Library also housed the Vanishing Texana Museum until 2012, when it was moved to the Senior Citizens Building.


Public school districts

The City of Jacksonville is served by the Jacksonville Independent School District.

Public high schools

Jacksonville High School (The school mascot is the "Fightin' Indians“).

Private colleges and universities

After the closure of Lon Morris College in 2012, Jacksonville College is the only private college remaining in Jacksonville.

Jacksonville is also home to the Baptist Missionary Association Theological Seminary. Both schools are members of the Baptist Missionary Association of America.


Many highways pass through and intersect in Jacksonville: US 69, US 79, US 175, TX 135, TX 204, FM 347, FM 768, FM 2138, and Loop 456. Where 3 railroads once served the Jacksonville area (Southern Pacific and Cotton Belt abandoned their tracks in the mid-1980s), only 1, Union Pacific, remains. Bus service is provided by Greyhound Lines, while pilots of small airplanes can avail themselves of the Cherokee County Airport a few miles south of town. Many shipping and trucking firms can serve area customers, or pass through town to several important points directly from Jacksonville, including, Beaumont, Houston, Austin, Dallas-Fort Worth, Kansas City, Shreveport, and Memphis.

Lake Jacksonville

Lake Jacksonville is located three miles (5 km) southwest of Jacksonville. It is the city's primary water source. In addition, it is a popular location for recreation and residences. It was created in 1957 and the city expected it to take years to fill with water from the surrounding creeks. But, with an unusually rainy season, the lake reached full capacity in only a year. Despite the beauty of Lake Jacksonville you will not find homes for short term vacation rentals on the lake. ( See,, City of Jacksonville website, Jacksonville Chamber of Commerce Website and The City of Jacksonville leases out most lots on the lake in long term leases and regulates those leases. ( Lake Jacksonville Rules and Regulations) Prospective visitors to Lake Jacksonville should be aware of the lack of housing for short term rentals.

  • Lake characteristics
Location: 3 miles southwest of Jacksonville off US 79
Surface area: 1,320 acres
Maximum depth: 62 feet
Impounded: 1957

An attempt to unionize meatcutters at Walmart

Despite never having organized unions in any United Food and Commercial Workers union in February 2000. During a flurry of subsequent legal actions, Walmart discontinued store-level meatcutting and started shipping in pre-packaged/pre-frozen meat to their stores. When all the hearings and appeals were exhausted, it was decided that the local meatcutters didn't embody the characteristics of a group that could bargain since they weren't specialized, while Walmart was found to have engaged in unfair labor practices. Even now, there is no one in the Jacksonville meat department to make special cuts of meat or any union presence there.[8][9][10]

Notable people

Jacksonville is the hometown of country music singers Al Dexter, Lee Ann Womack, and Neal McCoy. Cleveland Browns quarterback Josh McCown, New Orleans Saints quarterback Luke McCown, former NFL punter Toby Gowin, former New York Jets TE and DE Pete Lammons, Chicago Cubs first baseman Micah Hoffpauir and baseball pitcher Ray Benge. NFL running back Paul Gipson was born in Jacksonville. Actor Alan Tudyk of El Paso, and actress Sandy Duncan, of Henderson, Texas, were graduates of Lon Morris College. Actress Margo Martindale is also originally from Jacksonville. ESPN Sports commentator Craig James was born in Jacksonville.

Travis Clardy is the House of Representatives member for District 11.

John B. Kendrick (1857-1933), United States Senator from Wyoming and ninth Governor of Wyoming was born on a ranch near Jacksonville.[11]

Charles E. Maple (1932–2006), a former journalist, was from 1977–1980 the president of the Jacksonville Chamber of Commerce and thereafter the assistant superintendent of the Texas State Railroad[12]

Robert Nichols (Texas politician) (born 1944), Texas State Senator, 2007–present. A park and an intermediate school are named for him.

Grady Nutt (1934–1982) was a Christian minister and humorist who resided in Jacksonville for several years. Many of his stories are based on people and places in the Jacksonville area.

Eunice Sanborn, who from November 4, 2010, to January 31, 2011, was the oldest living supercentenarian in the world, resided in Jacksonville.

V. O. Stamps (1892–1940) was co-founder of the Stamps-Baxter Music Company. He moved to Jacksonville in 1919 to sell gospel songbooks, began the V.O. Stamps Publishing Company in Jacksonville in 1924, and ran the Jacksonville office of the Stamps-Baxter Music Company from its beginning in 1927 until the offices moved to Dallas in 1929.


  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder".  
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names".  
  3. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  4. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990".  
  6. ^ 2008-09 Adopted Budget Retrieved 2009-06-10
  7. ^ City of Jacksonville Retrieved 2009-06-03
  8. ^ Wal-Mart's "Meat Wars" With Union Sizzles On,, Al Norman--writer, March 16, 2008. Retrieved 2009-10-24.
  9. ^ UFCW Timeline, Retrieved 2009-10-24.
  10. ^ Wal-Mart Forced to Bargain, Finally, With Texas Meat Cutters, Organic Consumers Association, Mark Gruenberg--author, March 20, 2009. Retrieved 2009-10-24.
  11. ^ "KENDRICK, John Benjamin, (1857 - 1933)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved November 18, 2012. 
  12. ^ "Charles E. Maple".  

External links

  • City of Jacksonville
  • Jacksonville Chamber of Commerce
  • Jacksonville (Economic) Development
  • Jacksonville Progress (newspaper)
  • Jacksonville Public Library
  • Baptist Missionary Association Theological Seminary
  • Jacksonville College
  • Jacksonville Independent School District
  • Jacksonville History and Memorabilia
  • Jacksonville, TX from the Handbook of Texas Online
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.