World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

John McKinley

For the American college football coach, see John L. McKinley. For the Missouri Lieutenant Governor, see John C. McKinley.
John McKinley
Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court
In office
April 22, 1837[1] – July 19, 1852
Nominated by Martin Van Buren
Preceded by (none)
Succeeded by John Archibald Campbell
Personal details
Born (1780-05-01)May 1, 1780
Culpeper County, Virginia
Died July 19, 1852(1852-07-19) (aged 72)
Louisville, Kentucky
Political party Jacksonian, Democrat
Religion Protestant

John McKinley (May 1, 1780 – July 19, 1852) was a U.S. Senator from the state of Alabama and an associate justice of the United States Supreme Court.

Born in Culpeper County, Virginia, his family moved to Kentucky when he was an infant. In that state he read law and was admitted to the bar in 1800, practicing in Frankfort and Louisville from 1800 to 1819 before moving to Huntsville, Alabama.

After serving in the Alabama House of Representatives, he was elected to the U.S. Senate, serving his first term from November 27, 1826 to March 3, 1831, being elected to fill out the rest of the term of Henry H. Chambers. Israel Pickens served as interim senator until McKinley was elected. He was reelected to the Senate, but served only from March 4, 1837 until his abrupt resignation on April 22 of that same year. McKinley received a recess appointment from President Martin Van Buren on April 22, 1837, to a newly created seat (one of two which had been created by Congress – 5 Stat. 176) on the Supreme Court. Formally nominated on September 18, 1837, McKinley was confirmed by the United States Senate on September 25, 1837, and received his commission the same day. There was no interim senator this time, and Clement C. Clay was elected to the post. McKinley served on the Supreme Court for fourteen years. He died in Louisville, Kentucky, on July 19, 1852, at the age of 72.[2][3]

The community of McKinley, Alabama is named in his honor.[4]


  • Federal Judicial Center.
Legal offices
Preceded by
New Seat
Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States
April 22, 1837 – July 19, 1852
Succeeded by
John Archibald Campbell
Preceded by
Gabriel Moore
United States Senator (Class 3) from Alabama
March 4, 1837 – April 22, 1837
Served alongside: William R. King
Succeeded by
Clement C. Clay
Preceded by
Israel Pickens
United States Senator (Class 3) from Alabama
November 27, 1826 – March 4, 1831
Served alongside: William R. King
Succeeded by
Gabriel Moore
Preceded by
Samuel W. Mardis
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Alabama's 2nd congressional district

March 4, 1833 – March 4, 1835
Succeeded by
Joshua L. Martin

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.