Lpga tour

This article is about the golf association. For the political party, see Libertarian Party of Georgia.

Template:Infobox Sports league The Ladies Professional Golf Association (LPGA) is an American organization for female professional golfers. The organization is headquartered in Daytona Beach, Florida, and is best known for running the LPGA Tour, a series of weekly golf tournaments for elite female golfers from around the world from February to December each year.

Organization and history

Other "LPGA"s exist in other countries, each with a geographical designation in its name, but the U.S. organization is the first, largest, and best known. The LPGA is also an organization for female club and teaching professionals. This is different from the PGA Tour, which runs the main professional tours in the U.S. and, since 1968, has been independent of the club and teaching professionals' organization, the PGA of America.

The LPGA also administers an annual qualifying school similar to that conducted by the PGA Tour. Depending on a golfer's finish in the final qualifying tournament, she may receive full or partial playing privileges on the LPGA Tour. In addition to the main LPGA Tour, the LPGA also owns and operates the Symetra Tour, formerly the Futures Tour, the official developmental tour of the LPGA. Top finishers at the end of each season on that tour receive playing privileges on the main LPGA Tour for the following year.

In its 63rd season in 2012, The LPGA is the oldest continuing women's professional sports organization in the United States.[1][2] It was founded in 1950 by a group of 13 golfers: Alice Bauer, Patty Berg, Bettye Danoff, Helen Dettweiler, Marlene Bauer Hagge, Helen Hicks, Opal Hill, Betty Jameson, Sally Sessions, Marilynn Smith, Shirley Spork, Louise Suggs, and Babe Zaharias.[3] The LPGA succeeded the WPGA (Women's Professional Golf Association), which was founded in 1944 but stopped its limited tour after the 1948 season and officially ceased operations in December 1949.[4]

In 2001, Jane Blalock's JBC Marketing established the Women's Senior Golf Tour, now called the Legends Tour, for women professionals aged 45 and older. This is affiliated with the LPGA, but is not owned by the LPGA.

Michael Whan became the eighth commissioner of the LPGA in October 2009, succeeding the ousted Carolyn Bivens.[5][2] Whan is a former marketing executive in the sporting goods industry.[6]

Prize money and tournaments

In 2010, total official prize money on the LPGA Tour was $41.4 million, a decrease of over $6 million from 2009. In 2010 there were 24 official tournaments, down from 28 in 2009 and 34 in 2008. Despite the loss in total tournaments, the number of tournaments hosted outside of the United States in 2010 stayed the same, as all four lost tournaments had been hosted in the United States.

International presence

In its first four decades, the LPGA Tour was dominated by American players. Sandra Post of Canada became the first player living outside the United States to gain an LPGA tour card in 1968. The non-U.S. contingent is now very large. The last time an American player topped the money list was in 1993, the last time an American led the tour in tournaments won was in 1996, and from 2000 through 2009, non-Americans won 31 of 40 major championships.

Particularly, one of the notable trends seen in the early 21st century in the LPGA is the rise and dominance of Korean golfers.[7] Se Ri Pak's early success in the LPGA sparked the boom in Korean women golfers on the LPGA Tour.[8] In 2009, there were 122 non-Americans from 27 countries on the tour, including 47 from South Korea, 14 from Sweden, 10 from Australia, eight from the United Kingdom (four from England, three from Scotland and one from Wales), seven from Canada, five from Taiwan, and four from Japan.[9] Of the 33 events in 2006, a total of 11 were won by Koreans and only seven were won by Americans. (See 2006 LPGA Tour for more details on the 2006 season.) In 2007, Americans saw a relative resurgence, winning 12 events. For the first time since 2000, two Americans won majors (See 2007 LPGA Tour for more details on the 2007 season.) In 2008, Americans grew in dominance, winning 9 of 34 events, tied with Koreans, but no majors, one of which was won by a Mexican player, one by Taiwanese, and the other two by teenage Korean players (See 2008 LPGA Tour for more details on the 2008 season.) In 2009, Americans won 5 of 28 official events, including one major, the Kraft Nabisco Championship while Koreans won 11 events (See 2009 LPGA Tour for more details on the 2009 season.)

LPGA Tour tournaments

Most of the LPGA Tour's events are held in the United States. In 2010, two tournaments were played in Mexico and one each in Singapore, Canada, France, England, Malaysia, South Korea, Thailand, and Japan. Unofficial events were also held in Brazil and Jamaica. In 2011, the unofficial Jamaica event was dropped and a tournament in Mexico was canceled months in advance over security concerns. The Women's British Open rotated from England to Scotland and all other countries retained their tournaments. In addition, events were added in China and Taiwan, while the biennial USA–Europe team competition, the Solheim Cup was played in Ireland. (The new event in China was postponed and ultimately canceled.)

Five of the tournaments held outside North America are co-sanctioned with other professional tours. The Ladies European Tour co-sanctions the Women's British Open, The Evian Championship in France, and the Women's Australian Open (also co-sanctioned with the ALPG Tour). The other two co-sanctioned events—the LPGA Hana Bank Championship (LPGA of Korea Tour) and Mizuno Classic (LPGA of Japan Tour)—are held during the tour's autumn swing to Asia.

The LPGA's annual major championships are:

LPGA Playoffs

Since 2006, the LPGA has played a season-ending championship tournament. Through the 2008 season, it was known as the LPGA Playoffs at The ADT; in 2009 and 2010, it was known as the LPGA Tour Championship; and in 2011, the event became the CME Group Titleholders, held in November.

From 2006 through 2008 the LPGA schedule was divided into two halves, with 15 players from each half qualifying for the Championship based on their performance. Two wild-card selections were also included for a final field of 21 players. The winner of the LPGA Tour Championship, which features three days of "playoffs" plus the final championship round, earns $1 million.

In 2009, the Tour Championship field was increased to 120 players, with entry open to all Tour members in the top 120 on the money list as of three weeks prior to the start of the tournament. The total purse was $1.5 million with $225,000 going to the winner.

The CME Group Titleholders, which resurrects the name of a former LPGA major championship (the Titleholders Championship), was first played in 2011. Its field is made up of three qualifiers from each official tour event during the season, specifically the top three finishers not previously qualified.

2013 LPGA Tour

The number in parentheses indicates the number of career wins in official money individual events on the LPGA Tour, including that event.

Dates Tournament Location Winner
Feb 14-17 ISPS Handa Women's Australian Open Australia Australia South Korea Jiyai Shin (11)
Feb 21-24 Honda LPGA Thailand Thailand Thailand South Korea Inbee Park (4)
Feb 28-Mar 3 HSBC Women's Champions Singapore Singapore United States Stacy Lewis (6)
Mar 14-17 RR Donnelley LPGA Founders Cup United States Arizona United States Stacy Lewis (7)
Mar 21-24 Kia Classic United States California Spain Beatriz Recari (2)
Apr 4-7 Kraft Nabisco Championship United States California South Korea Inbee Park (5)
Apr 17-20 LPGA Lotte Championship United States Hawaii Norway Suzann Pettersen (11)
Apr 25-28 North Texas LPGA Shootout United States Texas South Korea Inbee Park (6)
May 2-5 Kingsmill Championship United States Virginia United States Cristie Kerr (16)
May 16-19 Mobile Bay LPGA Classic United States Alabama United States Jennifer Johnson (1)
May 23-26 Pure Silk-Bahamas LPGA Classic The Bahamas Bahamas South Korea Ilhee Lee (1)
May 31-Jun 2 ShopRite LPGA Classic United States New Jersey Australia Karrie Webb (39)
Jun 6-9 Wegmans LPGA Championship United States New York South Korea Inbee Park (7)
Jun 21-23 Walmart NW Arkansas Championship United States Arkansas South Korea Inbee Park (8)
Jun 27-30 U.S. Women's Open United States New York South Korea Inbee Park (9)
Jul 11-14 Manulife Financial LPGA Classic Canada Ontario South Korea Hee-Young Park (2)
Jul 18-21 Marathon Classic United States Ohio Spain Beatriz Recari (3)
Aug 1-4 Ricoh Women's British Open Scotland Scotland United States Stacy Lewis (8)
Aug 16-18 Solheim Cup United States Colorado European Union Europe
Aug 22-25 CN Canadian Women's Open Canada Alberta New Zealand Lydia Ko (2) (a)
Aug 29-Sep 1 Safeway Classic United States Oregon Norway Suzann Pettersen (12)
Sep 12-15 The Evian Championship France France Norway Suzann Pettersen (13)
Oct 3-6 Reignwood LPGA Classic China China China Shanshan Feng (2)
Oct 10-13 Sime Darby LPGA Malaysia Malaysia Malaysia United States Lexi Thompson (2)
Oct 18-20 LPGA KEB-HanaBank Championship South Korea South Korea South Korea Amy Yang (1)
Oct 24-27 Sunrise LPGA Taiwan Championship Taiwan Taiwan Norway Suzann Pettersen (14)
Nov 8-10 Mizuno Classic Japan Japan
Nov 14-17 Lorena Ochoa Invitational Mexico Mexico
Nov 21-24 CME Group Titleholders United States Florida

Tournaments in bold are majors.

2013 money leaders

Through the conclusion of the Sunrise LPGA Taiwan Championship on October 27.

Rank Change Player Country Events Prize
money($)
1 Steady Inbee Park  South Korea 21 2,335,460
2 Steady Suzann Pettersen  Norway 21 2,241,847
3 Steady Stacy Lewis  United States 23 1,764,236
4 Steady So Yeon Ryu  South Korea 21 1,161,093
5 Steady I.K. Kim  South Korea 21 1,089,699
6 Increase1 Beatriz Recari  Spain 23 1,022,812
7 Decrease1 Shanshan Feng  China 17 989,712
8 Steady Lexi Thompson  United States 22 986,986
9 Steady Na Yeon Choi  South Korea 23 920,158
19 Steady Hee-Young Park  South Korea 24 823,783

Change = change from previous rank.
Source and complete list: LPGA official website.

Historical tour schedules and results

Year Number of
official tournaments
Countries hosting
tournaments
Tournaments in
United States
Tournaments in
other countries
Total prize
money ($)
2012 27 12 15 12 47,000,000
2011 23 11 13 10 41,500,000
2010 24 10 14 10 41,400,000
2009 28 9 18 10 47,600,000
2008 34 8 24 10 60,300,000
2007 31 8 23 8 54,285,000
2006 33 8 25 8 50,275,000
2005 32 7 25 7 45,100,000
2004 32 6 27 5 42,875,000
  • Official tournaments are tournaments in which earnings and scores are credited to the players' official LPGA record.

Hall of Fame

The LPGA established the Hall of Fame of Women's Golf in 1951, with four charter members: Patty Berg, Betty Jameson, Louise Suggs, and Babe Zaharias. After being inactive for several years, the Hall of Fame moved in 1967 to its first physical premises, in Augusta, Georgia, and was renamed the LPGA Tour Hall of Fame. In 1998 it merged into the World Golf Hall of Fame.

LPGA Tour awards

The LPGA Tour presents several annual awards. Three are awarded in competitive contests, based on scoring over the course of the year.

  • The Rolex Player of the Year is awarded based on a formula in which points are awarded for top-10 finishes and are doubled at the LPGA's four major championships and at the season-ending Tour Championship. The points system is: 30 points for first; 12 points for second; nine points for third; seven points for fourth; six points for fifth; five points for sixth; four points for seventh; three points for eighth; two points for ninth and one point for 10th.
  • The Vare Trophy, named for Glenna Collett-Vare, is given to the player with the lowest scoring average for the season.
  • The Louise Suggs Rolex Rookie of the Year Award is awarded to the first-year player on the LPGA Tour who scores the highest in a points competition in which points are awarded based on a player's finish in an event. The points system is: 150 points for first; 80 points for second; 75 points for third; 70 points for fourth; and 65 points for fifth. After fifth place, points are awarded in decrements of three, beginning at sixth place with 62 points. Points are doubled in the major events and at the season-ending Tour Championship. Rookies who make the cut in an event and finish below 41st each receive five points. The award is named after Louise Suggs, one of the founders of the LPGA.
Year Player of the Year Vare Trophy Rookie of the Year
2012 United States Stacy Lewis South Korea Inbee Park South Korea So Yeon Ryu
2011 Taiwan Yani Tseng Taiwan Yani Tseng South Korea Hee Kyung Seo
2010 Taiwan Yani Tseng South Korea Na Yeon Choi Spain Azahara Muñoz
2009 Mexico Lorena Ochoa Mexico Lorena Ochoa South Korea Jiyai Shin
2008 Mexico Lorena Ochoa Mexico Lorena Ochoa Taiwan Yani Tseng
2007 Mexico Lorena Ochoa Mexico Lorena Ochoa Brazil Angela Park
2006 Mexico Lorena Ochoa Mexico Lorena Ochoa South Korea Seon Hwa Lee
2005 Sweden Annika Sörenstam Sweden Annika Sörenstam United States Paula Creamer
2004 Sweden Annika Sörenstam South Korea Grace Park South Korea Shi Hyun Ahn
2003 Sweden Annika Sörenstam South Korea Se Ri Pak Mexico Lorena Ochoa
2002 Sweden Annika Sörenstam Sweden Annika Sörenstam United States Beth Bauer
2001 Sweden Annika Sörenstam Sweden Annika Sörenstam South Korea Hee-Won Han
2000 Australia Karrie Webb Australia Karrie Webb United States Dorothy Delasin
1999 Australia Karrie Webb Australia Karrie Webb South Korea Mi Hyun Kim
1998 Sweden Annika Sörenstam Sweden Annika Sörenstam South Korea Se Ri Pak
1997 Sweden Annika Sörenstam Australia Karrie Webb England Lisa Hackney
1996 England Laura Davies Sweden Annika Sörenstam Australia Karrie Webb
1995 Sweden Annika Sörenstam Sweden Annika Sörenstam United States Pat Hurst
1994 United States Beth Daniel United States Beth Daniel Sweden Annika Sörenstam
1993 United States Betsy King United States Betsy King England Suzanne Strudwick
1992 United States Dottie Mochrie United States Dottie Mochrie Sweden Helen Alfredsson
1991 United States Pat Bradley United States Pat Bradley United States Brandie Burton
1990 United States Beth Daniel United States Beth Daniel Japan Hiromi Kobayashi
1989 United States Betsy King United States Beth Daniel Scotland Pamela Wright
1988 United States Nancy Lopez United States Colleen Walker Sweden Liselotte Neumann
1987 Japan Ayako Okamoto United States Betsy King United States Tammie Green
1986 United States Pat Bradley United States Pat Bradley United States Jody Rosenthal
1985 United States Nancy Lopez United States Nancy Lopez United States Penny Hammel
1984 United States Betsy King United States Patty Sheehan United States Juli Inkster
1983 United States Patty Sheehan United States JoAnne Carner United States Stephanie Farwig
1982 United States JoAnne Carner United States JoAnne Carner United States Patti Rizzo
1981 United States JoAnne Carner United States JoAnne Carner United States Patty Sheehan
1980 United States Beth Daniel United States Amy Alcott United States Myra Blackwelder
1979 United States Nancy Lopez United States Nancy Lopez United States Beth Daniel
1978 United States Nancy Lopez United States Nancy Lopez United States Nancy Lopez
1977 United States Judy Rankin United States Judy Rankin United States Debbie Massey
1976 United States Judy Rankin United States Judy Rankin United States Bonnie Lauer
1975 United States Sandra Palmer United States JoAnne Carner United States Amy Alcott
1974 United States JoAnne Carner United States JoAnne Carner Australia Jan Stephenson
1973 United States Kathy Whitworth United States Judy Rankin United States Laura Baugh
1972 United States Kathy Whitworth United States Kathy Whitworth Canada Jocelyne Bourassa
1971 United States Kathy Whitworth United States Kathy Whitworth South Africa Sally Little
1970 United States Sandra Haynie United States Kathy Whitworth United States JoAnne Carner
1969 United States Kathy Whitworth United States Kathy Whitworth United States Jane Blalock
1968 United States Kathy Whitworth United States Carol Mann Canada Sandra Post
1967 United States Kathy Whitworth United States Kathy Whitworth United States Sharron Moran
1966 United States Kathy Whitworth United States Kathy Whitworth United States Jan Ferraris
1965 United States Kathy Whitworth Australia Margie Masters
1964 United States Mickey Wright United States Susie Maxwell
1963 United States Mickey Wright United States Clifford Ann Creed
1962 United States Mickey Wright United States Mary Mills
1961 United States Mickey Wright
1960 United States Mickey Wright
1959 United States Betsy Rawls
1958 United States Beverly Hanson
1957 United States Louise Suggs
1956 United States Patty Berg
1955 United States Patty Berg
1954 United States Babe Zaharias
1953 United States Patty Berg

Leading money winners by year

Year Player Country Earnings ($) Most wins
2012 Inbee Park  South Korea 2,287,080 4 – Stacy Lewis
2011 Yani Tseng  Taiwan 2,921,713 7 – Yani Tseng
2010 Na Yeon Choi  South Korea 1,871,166 5 – Ai Miyazato
2009 Jiyai Shin  South Korea 1,807,334 3 – Jiyai Shin, Lorena Ochoa
2008 Lorena Ochoa  Mexico 2,754,660 7 – Lorena Ochoa
2007 Lorena Ochoa  Mexico 4,364,994 8 – Lorena Ochoa
2006 Lorena Ochoa  Mexico 2,592,872 6 – Lorena Ochoa
2005 Annika Sörenstam  Sweden 2,588,240 10 – Annika Sörenstam
2004 Annika Sörenstam  Sweden 2,544,707 8 – Annika Sörenstam
2003 Annika Sörenstam  Sweden 2,029,506 6 – Annika Sörenstam
2002 Annika Sörenstam  Sweden 2,863,904 11 – Annika Sörenstam
2001 Annika Sörenstam  Sweden 2,105,868 8 – Annika Sörenstam
2000 Karrie Webb  Australia 1,876,853 7 – Karrie Webb
1999 Karrie Webb  Australia 1,591,959 6 – Karrie Webb
1998 Annika Sörenstam  Sweden 1,092,748 4 – Annika Sörenstam, Se Ri Pak
1997 Annika Sörenstam  Sweden 1,236,789 6 – Annika Sörenstam
1996 Karrie Webb  Australia 1,002,000 4 – Laura Davies, Dottie Pepper, Karrie Webb
1995 Annika Sörenstam  Sweden 666,533 3 – Annika Sörenstam
1994 Laura Davies  England 687,201 4 – Beth Daniel
1993 Betsy King  United States 595,992 3 – Brandie Burton
1992 Dottie Mochrie  United States 693,335 4 – Dottie Mochrie
1991 Pat Bradley  United States 763,118 4 – Pat Bradley, Meg Mallon
1990 Beth Daniel  United States 863,578 7 – Beth Daniel
1989 Betsy King  United States 654,132 6 – Betsy King
1988 Sherri Turner  United States 350,851 3 – 5 players (see 1)
1987 Ayako Okamoto  Japan 466,034 5 – Jane Geddes
1986 Pat Bradley  United States 492,021 5 – Pat Bradley
1985 Nancy Lopez  United States 416,472 5 – Nancy Lopez
1984 Betsy King  United States 266,771 4 – Patty Sheehan, Amy Alcott
1983 JoAnne Carner  United States 291,404 4 – Pat Bradley, Patty Sheehan
1982 JoAnne Carner  United States 310,400 5 – JoAnne Carner, Beth Daniel
1981 Beth Daniel  United States 206,998 5 – Donna Caponi
1980 Beth Daniel  United States 231,000 5 – Donna Caponi, JoAnne Carner
1979 Nancy Lopez  United States 197,489 8 – Nancy Lopez
1978 Nancy Lopez  United States 189,814 9 – Nancy Lopez
1977 Judy Rankin  United States 122,890 5 – Judy Rankin, Debbie Austin
1976 Judy Rankin  United States 150,734 6 – Judy Rankin
1975 Sandra Palmer  United States 76,374 4 – Carol Mann, Sandra Haynie
1974 JoAnne Carner  United States 87,094 6 – JoAnne Carner, Sandra Haynie
1973 Kathy Whitworth  United States 82,864 7 – Kathy Whitworth
1972 Kathy Whitworth  United States 65,063 5 – Kathy Whitworth, Jane Blalock
1971 Kathy Whitworth  United States 41,181 5 – Kathy Whitworth
1970 Kathy Whitworth  United States 30,235 4 – Shirley Englehorn
1969 Carol Mann  United States 49,152 8 – Carol Mann
1968 Kathy Whitworth  United States 48,379 10 – Carol Mann, Kathy Whitworth
1967 Kathy Whitworth  United States 32,937 8 – Kathy Whitworth
1966 Kathy Whitworth  United States 33,517 9 – Kathy Whitworth
1965 Kathy Whitworth  United States 28,658 8 – Kathy Whitworth
1964 Mickey Wright  United States 29,800 11 – Mickey Wright
1963 Mickey Wright  United States 31,269 13 – Mickey Wright
1962 Mickey Wright  United States 21,641 10 – Mickey Wright
1961 Mickey Wright  United States 22,236 10 – Mickey Wright
1960 Louise Suggs  United States 16,892 6 – Mickey Wright
1959 Betsy Rawls  United States 26,774 10 – Betsy Rawls
1958 Beverly Hanson  United States 12,639 5 – Mickey Wright
1957 Patty Berg  United States 16,272 5 – Betsy Rawls, Patty Berg
1956 Marlene Hagge  United States 20,235 8 – Marlene Hagge
1955 Patty Berg  United States 16,492 6 – Patty Berg
1954 Patty Berg  United States 16,011 5 – Louise Suggs, Babe Zaharias
1953 Louise Suggs  United States 19,816 8 – Louise Suggs
1952 Betsy Rawls  United States 14,505 8 – Betsy Rawls
1951 Babe Zaharias  United States 15,087 7 – Babe Zaharias
1950 Babe Zaharias  United States 14,800 6 – Babe Zaharias

1 The five players with who won three titles in 1988 were Juli Inkster, Rosie Jones, Betsy King, Nancy Lopez, and Ayako Okamoto.

Leading career money winners

The table below shows the top 10 career money leaders on the LPGA Tour at the end of the 2012 season. There is a more complete list, updated weekly during the Tour season, on the LPGA's official site.

Rank Player Country Earned Earnings ($)
1 Annika Sörenstam  Sweden 1993–2008 22,573,192
2 Karrie Webb  Australia 1995–2012 17,402,218
3 Lorena Ochoa  Mexico 2003–2010 14,863,331
4 Cristie Kerr  United States 1997–2012 14,368,457
5 Juli Inkster  United States 1983–2012 13,442,946
6 Se Ri Pak  South Korea 1997–2012 11,815,527
7 Paula Creamer  United States 2005–2012 9,594,379
8 Suzann Pettersen  Norway 2000–2012 9,368,341
9 Meg Mallon  United States 1987–2010 9,051,459
10 Yani Tseng  Taiwan 2009–2012 8,971,242

Total prize money awarded in past years

Season Total
purse ($)
2010 41,400,000
2000 38,500,000
1990 17,100,000
1980 5,150,000
1970 435,040
1960 186,700
1950 50,000

See also

References

External links

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