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Laxminarayan Temple

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Title: Laxminarayan Temple  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: List of Hindu temples in India, Akshardham (Delhi), Delhi, Chandragupta Maurya, Gole Market
Collection: 1939 Establishments in India, Hindu Temples in Delhi, Vishnu Temples
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Laxminarayan Temple

Laxminarayan Temple
Other names Birla Temple
Proper name Laxmi Narayan Temple
Devanagari श्री लक्ष्मीनारायण मन्दिर
Country India
Location New Delhi
Primary deity Laxmi Narayan (Vishnu with his consort Lakshmi)
Important festivals Janmashtami, Diwali
Architectural styles Nagara style of Hindu temple architecture
History and governance
Date built 1939
Creator Baldeo Das Birla

The Laxminarayan Temple (Hindi: श्री लक्ष्मीनारायण मन्दिर, also known as the Birla Mandir) is a Hindu temple dedicated to Laxminarayan in Delhi, India. Laxminarayan usually refers to Vishnu, Preserver in the Trimurti, also known as Narayan, when he is with his consort Lakshmi. The temple, inaugurated by Mahatma Gandhi, was made built by B. R. Birla and Vijay Tyagi[1] from 1933 and 1939. The side temples are dedicated to Shiva, Krishna and Buddha.[2]

The temple is spread over 7.5 acres, adorned with many shrines, fountains, and a large garden, and also houses Geeta Bhawan for discourses. The temple is one of the major attractions of Delhi and attracts thousands of devotees on the Hindu festivals of Janmashtami and Diwali.


  • History 1
  • Architecture 2
  • Temple 3
  • Location 4
  • Gallery 5
  • See also 6
  • References 7
  • External links 8


Gandhi inaugurating the Laxminarayan Temple, Delhi, 1938

The construction of temple dedicated to Laxmi Narayana started in 1933, built by industrialist and philanthropist, Baldeo Das Birla and his son Jugal Kishore Birla of Birla family, thus, the temple is also known as Birla Temple. The foundation stone of temple was laid by Maharaj Udaybhanu Singh. The temple was built under guidance of Pandit Vishwanath Shastri.[3] The concluding ceremony and Yagna was performed by Swami Keshwa Nandji.[1] The famous temple is accredited to have been inaugurated by Mahatma Gandhi in 1939. At that time, Mahatma Gandhi kept a condition that the temple would not be restricted to the Hindus and people from every caste would be allowed inside.[2][4]

This is the first of a series of temples built by the Birlas in many cities of India, which are also often called Birla Temple.


The shikharas of the temple

Its architect was Sris Chandra Chatterjee, a leading proponent of the ‘Modern Indian Architecture Movement’.[5] The architecture was influenced heavily by the principles of the Swadeshi movement of the early twentieth century and the canonical texts used. The movement did not reject the incorporation of new construction ideas and technologies. Chatterjee extensively used modern materials in his buildings.

The three-storied temple is built in the northern or Nagara style of Hindu temple architecture. The entire temple is adorned with carvings depicting the scenes from Hindu theology. More than hundred skilled artisans from Benares, headed by Acharya Vishvanath Shastri, carved the icons of the temple. The highest shikhara of the temple above the sanctum sanctorum is about 160 feet high. The temple faces the east and is situated on a high plinth. The shrine is adorned with fresco paintings depicting his life and work. The icons of the temple are in marble brought from Jaipur. Kota stone from Makarana, Agra, Kota and Jaisalmer were used in the construction of the temple premises.The Geeta Bhawan to the north of the temple is dedicated to Lord Krishna. Artificial landscape and cascading waterfalls add to the beauty of the temple.[6]


The main temple houses statues of Lord Narayan and Hindu Goddess Lakshmi. There are other small shrines dedicated to Lord Shiva, Lord Ganesha and Hanuman. There is also a shrine dedicated to Lord Buddha. The left side temple shikhar (dome) houses Devi Durga, the Hindu goddess of Shakti, the power. The temple is spread over an area of 7.5 acres (30,000 m2) approximately. And built up area is 0.52 acres (2,100 m2).


The temple is located on the Mandir Marg, situated west of the Connaught Place in New Delhi. The temple is easily accessible from the city by local buses, taxis and auto-rickshaws. Nearest Delhi Metro station is R.K.Ashram Marg, located about 2 km away. Also on the same road lies the New Delhi Kalibari.

A panoramic view of Birla Mandir.


See also


  1. ^ a b [2]
  2. ^ a b "Making history with brick and mortar".  
  3. ^ Birla Temple Delhi Guide
  4. ^ Birla Temple Delhi
  5. ^ A Concise History of Modern Architecture in India, Jon T. Lang, Orient Blackswan, 2002, p. 27
  6. ^ Birla Mandir:About the Temple

External links

  • Laxminarayan Temple, Birla Mandir -
  • Laxminarayan Temple
  • Laxminarayan Temple in Wikimapia
  • Birla Mandir

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