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List of place names in Alabama of Native American origin

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List of place names in Alabama of Native American origin

Many places throughout Alabama take their names from the languages of the indigenous Native American/American Indian tribes. The following list includes settlements, geographic features, and political subdivisions whose names are derived from these indigenous languages. The primary Native American peoples present in Alabama during historical times included the Alibamu, Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Koasati, and the lower and upper Muscogee (Creeks).[1]

With the exception of the Cherokee, all of the historical Alabama tribes speak Muskogean languages. There are competing classification systems, but the traditionally accepted usage divides the dialects into Eastern Muskogean (Alibamu, Koasatia, and Muscogee) and Western Muskogean (Chickasaw and Choctaw).[2] The Cherokee language belongs to the separate Iroquoian language family.[3]

Listings

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n William A. Read (1994). "Southeastern Indian Place Names in what is now Alabama". Indian Place Names in Alabama. Alabama Department of Archives and History. Retrieved 8 April 2011. 
  2. ^ Hardy, Heather; Scancarelli, Janine (2005). Native Languages of the Southeastern United States. Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska Press. pp. 69–71. 
  3. ^ Mithun, Marianne (1999). The Languages of Native North America. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.  
  4. ^ "Alabama: The State Name". Alabama Department of Archives and History. Retrieved 2007-02-24. 
  5. ^ Bright, William (2004). Native American placenames of the United States. University of Oklahoma Press. p. 29.  
  6. ^ Owen, Thomas McAdory; Owen, Marie Bankhead (1921). History of Alabama and dictionary of Alabama biography, Volume 1. Chicago: S. J. Clarke Publishing Company. p. 77. 
  7. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Arbacoochee
  8. ^ Bright, William (2004). Native American placenames of the United States. University of Oklahoma Press.  
  9. ^ Bright, William (2004). Native American placenames of the United States. University of Oklahoma Press. pp. 68–69.  
  10. ^ Bright, William (2004). Native American placenames of the United States. University of Oklahoma Press. p. 70.  
  11. ^ Bright, William (2004). Native American placenames of the United States. University of Oklahoma Press. p. 74.  
  12. ^ Owen, Thomas McAdory; Owen, Marie Bankhead (1921). History of Alabama and dictionary of Alabama biography, Volume 1. Chicago: S. J. Clarke Publishing Company. p. 189. 
  13. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Chattahoochee River
  14. ^ Bright, William (2004). Native American placenames of the United States. University of Oklahoma Press. p. 90.  
  15. ^ Gannett, Henry (1902). The origin of certain place names in the United States, Volume 8, Issue 197. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office. p. 70. Retrieved April 8, 2011. 
  16. ^ Gannett, Henry (1902). The origin of certain place names in the United States, Volume 8, Issue 197. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office. p. 71. Retrieved April 8, 2011. 
  17. ^ a b Gannett, Henry (1902). The origin of certain place names in the United States, Volume 8, Issue 197. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office. p. 73. Retrieved April 8, 2011. 
  18. ^ Bright, William (2004). Native American placenames of the United States. University of Oklahoma Press. p. 118.  
  19. ^ a b Bright, William (2004). Native American placenames of the United States. University of Oklahoma Press. p. 120.  
  20. ^ Bright, William (2004). Native American placenames of the United States. University of Oklahoma Press. p. 129.  
  21. ^ a b Bright, William (2004). Native American placenames of the United States. University of Oklahoma Press. p. 148.  
  22. ^ Bright, William (2004). Native American placenames of the United States. University of Oklahoma Press. p. 149.  
  23. ^ Bright, William (2004). Native American placenames of the United States. University of Oklahoma Press. p. 257.  
  24. ^ Bright, William (2004). Native American placenames of the United States. University of Oklahoma Press. p. 291.  
  25. ^ Owen, Thomas McAdory; Owen, Marie Bankhead (1921). History of Alabama and dictionary of Alabama biography, Volume 2. Chicago: S. J. Clarke Publishing Company. p. 1066. 
  26. ^ Byington, Cyrus (1909). Choctaw Language Dictionary. Global Bible Society. 
  27. ^ Bright, William (2004). Native American placenames of the United States. University of Oklahoma Press. p. 344.  
  28. ^ Bright, William (2004). Native American placenames of the United States. University of Oklahoma Press. p. 352.  
  29. ^ Bright, William (2004). Native American placenames of the United States. University of Oklahoma Press. p. 368.  
  30. ^ Bright, William (2004). Native American placenames of the United States. University of Oklahoma Press. p. 431.  
  31. ^ Bright, William (2004). Native American placenames of the United States. University of Oklahoma Press. p. 463.  
  32. ^ Bright, William (2004). Native American placenames of the United States. University of Oklahoma Press. p. 468.  
  33. ^ Owen, Thomas McAdory; Owen, Marie Bankhead (1921). History of Alabama and dictionary of Alabama biography, Volume 2. Chicago: S. J. Clarke Publishing Company. p. 1291. 
  34. ^ Bright, William (2004). Native American placenames of the United States. University of Oklahoma Press. p. 475.  
  35. ^ Bright, William (2004). Native American placenames of the United States. University of Oklahoma Press. p. 488.  
  36. ^ Rufus Ward (February 27, 2010). "Tombigbee River: What does it mean?". The Commercial Dispatch. The Columbus Lowndes Public Library. Retrieved 8 April 2011. 
  37. ^  
  38. ^ Bright, William (2004). Native American placenames of the United States. University of Oklahoma Press. p. 525.  
  39. ^ Bright, William (2004). Native American placenames of the United States. University of Oklahoma Press. p. 558.  
  40. ^ Bright, William (2004). Native American placenames of the United States. University of Oklahoma Press. p. 559.  
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