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Male unemployment

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Title: Male unemployment  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
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Subject: Unemployment, Economy of the United States, Men, Section 8 (housing), Gender studies
Collection: Men, Unemployment
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Male unemployment

Unemployed men queuing for work at a labour exchange.

Male unemployment is unemployment among men. The cultural change theory has been put forward to explain its occurrence.[1]

The 2008–2012 global recession has been called a "mancession" because of the disproportionate number of men who lost their jobs as compared to women. This gender gap became wide in the United States in 2009, when 10.5% of men in the labor force were unemployed, compared with 8% of women.[2][3] Three quarters of the jobs lost in the recession in the U.S. were held by men.[4][5]


  • Effects of unemployment on men 1
  • Men's traditional role as breadwinner 2
  • Future employment concerns for men 3
    • Male educational underachievement 3.1
  • See also 4
  • References 5

Effects of unemployment on men

Unemployment has been linked to extremely adverse effects on men's mental health.[6]

Men's traditional role as breadwinner

Women are fully half the workforce in the U.S.

Future employment concerns for men

Male educational underachievement

In the U.S., only 100 men for every 135 women are receiving bachelor's degrees, a gap which is expected to continue widening in the future. However, the reference for this statistic is unavailable. [7]

See also


  1. ^ Connelly, Matthew (2008). Fatal Misconception, the Struggle to Control World Populations. Belknap Press.  
  2. ^ Baxter, Sarah (June 7, 2009), "'"Women are victors in 'mancession, The Sunday Times (London), retrieved May 12, 2010 
  3. ^ Howard J. Wall (October 2009), The 'Man-Cession' of 2008-2009, Federal Reserve Bank of St Louis 
  4. ^ Daum, Meghan (October 20, 2011), Inside the mating economy, Los Angeles Times 
  5. ^ Vanderkam, Laura (March 4, 2012), The Princess Problem, originally ran in USA Today on August 12, 2009 
  6. ^ Facing the Challenge: The Impact of Recession and Unemployment on Men's Health in Ireland, Institute of Public Health in Ireland, June 2011 
  7. ^ Crouse, Janice Shaw, The Crisis of the Disappearing Educated Male, Concerned Women for America 

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