World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Mary Townsend Seymour

Article Id: WHEBN0040222607
Reproduction Date:

Title: Mary Townsend Seymour  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Connecticut Women's Hall of Fame, Clarice McLean, Hannah Bunce Watson, Ellen Ash Peters, Mary Hall
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Mary Townsend Seymour

Mary Townsend Seymour (1873–1957) was an American politician, and the first African American woman in the United States to run for state office.[1]


Seymour was born in Hartford, Connecticut, and her parents died while she was a teenager. Prior to her mother's death, she was adopted by the family of the American Civil War veteran and social activist Lloyd G. Seymour.

In June 1888 she visited the City Hall to review her birth certificates and declared her official name as Mary Emma Townsend Seymour. In 1891, she married Frederick Seymour, a member of the Seymour family.[2]

Many African Americans at the time had migrated north from the southern United States. In Hartford, school officials considered segregating the schools. Seymour and her husband, along with 20 other local residents, began organizing for civil rights. On October 9, 1917, the Hartford chapter of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) was founded, with Seymour serving as its spokesperson.

In 1918, she helped form Hartford's equal rights advocacy chapter of the Circle for Negro War Relief, to help black soldiers' families during the war. Around the same time, she also joined the Colored Women’s League of Hartford. In 1919, when suffragists were working to have the Nineteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution passed prohibiting any United States citizen from being denied the right to vote on the basis of sex, Seymour campaigned to ensure that black women's right to vote would also be protected.[2]

Around 1920, Seymour joined the American Red Cross and worked with African American women tobacco packers. She and fellow activist Josephine Bennett interviewed female laborers, and co-wrote an exposé on the subject for the NAACP's The Crisis in 1920.[2]

In 1920, Seymour became the first African American woman to run for the Connecticut General Assembly. She did not win, but was the first African American woman to run for this position.

She died in Hartford in 1957 and is buried in Hartford's Old North Cemetery. Her grave is a site on the Connecticut Freedom Trail.

In 1997 Mary Seymour Place was opened in Hartford, to provide supportive housing for homeless women and children.

She was inducted into the Connecticut Women's Hall of Fame in 2006.


  1. ^
  2. ^ a b c

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.