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Sehwan

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Subject: Pakistan, Sindh, Islam in Pakistan, Abu'l-Fazl ibn Mubarak, Ghiyath al-Din Tughluq, University of Sindh, Faizi, Dahir (Raja), Religion in Pakistan, Sehwan Sharif
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Sehwan

Sehwan
سیہون

Coordinates: 26°25′10″N 67°51′34″E / 26.4193143°N 67.8593731°E / 26.4193143; 67.8593731Coordinates: 26°25′10″N 67°51′34″E / 26.4193143°N 67.8593731°E / 26.4193143; 67.8593731

Country  Pakistan
Province Sindh
District Jamshoro
Government
 • Sadar Sardar Sajjad Ali Halepoto
Population (1998)
 • Estimate () over 1 million
Time zone PST (UTC+5)
Website

Sehwan (Urdu: سیہون) (aka: Sehwan Sharif) is a city located in Jamshoro District in the Sindh province of Pakistan. Sehwan town is of great antiquity and stands on the west bank of the Indus, 80 miles (130 km) north-west of Hyderabad (which is on the east bank). It is possible that the name Sehwan originates from "Siwistan" or "Seevistan", the kingdom of Raja Dahir which even extended to Punjab under the name "Shivi".[1] It was significant enough during the 8th century to be conquered by Muhammad bin Qasim in 711, and two centuries later by Mahmud of Ghazni. An abortive attempt was made by the Mughal emperor Humayun to capture it on his way to Umarkot but it finally fell to his son Akbar. Before this, it was the capital of the Thatta Kingdom under Juni Bek.[2]


Apart from the ruins scattered about its environs, the city is known for its Sufi patron saint Hazrat Lal Shahbaz Qalandar who lived here in 13th century. The famous mausoleum of Shahbaz Qalandar attracts hundreds of thousands of faithful every year obviously.

Another famous place is the inverted city beside the Dargah of Shahbaz Qalandar, which may be the Debal Bandar of Raja Dahir. Manchar Lake, the largest freshwater lake in Pakistan, is a short distance from Sehwan Sharif.

See also

References


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