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Shehbaz Sharif

Shehbaz Sharif
14th and 16th Chief Minister of Punjab
Assumed office
8 June 2013
President Mamnoon Hussain
Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif
Governor Mohammad Sarwar
Preceded by Najam Sethi
Majority Pakistan Muslim League (N) (PML-N)
In office
8 June 2008 – 26 March 2013
President Asif Ali Zardari
Prime Minister Yousaf Raza Gillani
Raja Parvez Ashraf
Mir Hazar Khan Khoso
Governor Makhdoom Ahmed Mehmood
Latif Khosa
Salmaan Taseer
Preceded by Dost Muhammad Khosa
Succeeded by Najam Sethi
In office
20 February 1997 – 12 October 1999
President Muhammad Rafiq Tarar
Farooq Leghari
Wasim Sajjad
Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif
Governor Shahid Hamid
Zulfiqar Ali Khosa
Preceded by Mian Muhammad Afzal Hayat
Succeeded by Chaudhry Pervaiz Elahi
6th President of Pakistan Muslim League (N)
In office
30 September 2009 – 27 July 2010
Vice President Ghaus Ali Shah
Preceded by Chaudhry Nisar Ali Khan
Succeeded by Nawaz Sharif
Personal details
Born (1951-09-23) 23 September 1951
Lahore, Punjab Province, West Pakistan
Nationality Pakistani
Political party Pakistan Muslim League (N)
Spouse(s) Begum Nusrat Shehbaz
Nargis Khosa
Aaliya Honey (1993-1994)
Tehmina Durrani
Kalsoom Qureshi
Children Hamza Shehbaz Sharif,
Salman Shehbaz Sharif,
Rabia Imran
Profession Businessman

Mian Muhammad Shehbaz Sharif (Punjabi, pronounced ; born 23 September 1951) is a Pakistani politician and the current Chief Minister of Punjab since 8 June 2013. Sharif is the province's longest-serving Chief Minister, having held the office twice previously from 1997 to 1999 and 2008 to 2013.

The younger brother of current Prime Minister and President of the Pakistan Muslim League (N) Nawaz Sharif, Shehbaz Sharif was elected to the Punjab Provincial Assembly in 1988, and to the National Assembly in 1990. He was again elected to the Punjab Assembly in 1993 and named Leader of the Opposition. Elected a third time in 1997, Sharif was sworn in as the Chief Minister of Punjab on 20 February 1997, while his brother took charge as Prime Minister.[1]

After a military coup deposed the government in 1999, Nawaz and Shehbaz Sharif spent years of self-exile in Saudi Arabia, returning to Pakistan in 2007.[2] Sharif was appointed Chief Minister for a second term after the PML-N's victory in the province in the 2008 general elections, but was deposed in 2009 after President Asif Zardari imposed governor's rule under Salmaan Taseer, following the Sharif brothers' electoral disqualification by the Supreme Court.[3] The Sharifs were acquitted after the Long March restored the judiciary, and governor's rule was lifted. Sharif's second term focused on development in infrastructure, and successfully combating an outbreak of dengue fever in 2011.[4]

Sharif was reelected Chief Minister following the general elections of 2013. His third term saw large development projects including the rapid-transit Lahore Metrobus,[5] but was also marred by increasing controversy, after 14 anti-government protestors were shot dead by police in Lahore in 2014.[6][7] Sharif was contentiously cleared of involvement by a judicial inquiry.

Contents

  • First term as Chief Minister 1
    • President of Pakistan Muslim League (N) 1.1
  • Return to Pakistan 2
  • Second term as Chief Minister 3
    • Shehbaz Sharif Govt. Initiatives 3.1
    • CM's Special Monitoring Unit 3.2
    • Fight against Dengue 3.3
  • Third term as Chief Minister 4
    • Model Town Massacre 4.1
    • Kasur child sexual abuse scandal 4.2
  • Personal life 5
  • See also 6
  • References 7
  • External links 8

First term as Chief Minister

During his first term Shehbaz Sharif was considered as a strict and demanding administrator. In 1999 he was put in exile in London with his brother as a result of some untold problems with Musharraf.[8]

President of Pakistan Muslim League (N)

Sharif was elected President of PML (N) on 3 August 2002 while in exile in Saudi Arabia. He was re-elected President of PML(N) for a second term on 2 August 2006.

Return to Pakistan

In August 2007, the Supreme Court of Pakistan gave its verdict which allowed Nawaz Sharif to return to Pakistan.

On 7 September 2007, judge Shabbir Hussain Chatha ordered police to arrest Shehbaz Sharif, brother of Nawaz and produce him before the court, after the hearing in Lahore. The court ruled that "Shehbaz Sharif should be arrested (at) whichever airport he lands at." Nawaz Sharif too faces detention on the pair's planned return from exile to Pakistan on 10 September 2007, to challenge President Pervez Musharraf's 8-year military rule.[9]

His brother Shehbaz changed return plans at the last minute.[10][11]

Sharif was not allowed to participate in the 2008 elections because of allegations against him. His son Hamza Shahbaz was supposed to run from a NA seat in Lahore but due to the death of a candidate the elections were postponed.

Second term as Chief Minister

On 8 June 2008, Sharif was elected as Chief Minister of Punjab, receiving 265 votes from the members of the 371-seat provincial assembly. He was the only candidate, and the Pakistan Muslim League-Q (PMLN-Q) boycotted the vote. Speaking after his election, he called on Musharraf to resign.[12] He won a vote of confidence on 9 June, receiving 266 votes.[13]

Chief Minister Punjab Shahbaz Sharif congratulating Governor Chaudhry Muhammad Barjees Tahir on the landslide victory in Gilgit Baltistan

His second term as Chief Minister lasted until 25 February 2009, when a three-member bench of the Supreme Court of Pakistan, headed by Justice Moosa K. Leghari, declared him ineligible to contest elections, took away his seat in the Punjab Assembly, and thereby removed him from office.[14] On 31 March 2009, a five-member larger bench of the Supreme Court overturned[15] an earlier decision of the apex court, in which Nawaz and Shehbaz Sharif were disqualified from holding public office. As a result, Shehbaz returned to office as Chief Minister.

Shehbaz Sharif Govt. Initiatives

Some of the major projects initiated by Sharif include

  • Punjab Educational Endowment Fund[16] a scholarship fund for students
  • Punjab Education Foundation[17] a Foundation to promote educational investment in Punjab by promoting private sector
  • Lahore Metro Bus System A 32 km Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) system from Gajumata to Shahadra,
  • Danish Schools is a free education project to provide top class education to the less fortunate in Pakistan
  • Apna Rozgar Scheme is initiative taken by Punjab Govt. in order to give 50,000 yellow Taxi's yearly
  • Khud Rozgar Scheme is a loan scheme in which interest-free loans are provided to poors to establish small shops or other locally operative business.
  • Punjab Metrobus Authority[18] to construct, maintain rapid bus transit systems in Punjab
  • Punjab Food Authority[19] to control food hygiene in Punjab
  • Punjab Information Technology Board[20] to promote IT field in Punjab
  • Punjab Land Development Company[21] to make affordable housing schemes in Punjab
  • ITU Lahore[22] a world class university in field of IT in Lahore
  • Ashiana Housing Scheme[23] Affordable Housing for low income families with modern facilities in Lahore, Faisalabad, Rawalpindi, Sargodha, Gujranwala & other cities of Punjab.
  • e-Youth Initiative[24] to provide free laptops to 100 thousand brilliant students studying at public sector colleges & universities and high achievers of the Boards of Punjab in Matriculation Examinations
  • Punjab Forensic Science Agency at Lahore[25] Establishing of PFSA and a state of the art forensic lab
  • Punjab Youth Internship Program[26] A program to equip 50,000 unemployed youth with productive skills in Punjab. A monthly stipend of Rs 10,000 will be paid to the interns.
  • Plan9 - Tech Incubator[27] A program designed to accelerate the successful development of entrepreneurial companies through an array of business support resources and services
  • Lahore Waste Management Company[28] An Integrated Solid Waste Management project with collaboration of Turkish contractors for the city of Lahore to serve as a model for other areas in Punjab.
  • The Punjab Model of Proactive Governance[29] A system to proactively seek feedback from consumers of government services using call centers, text messages and phone calls. The project has been supported and funded by the World Bank.
  • Violence Against Women Centers[30] Violence Against Women Center (VAWC) was established for the defense of women against violence. Through this entity, the victim will be able to report violence through the use of its helpline and get speedy justice. This entity will also provide victim facility to lodge FIR along with forensic help, medical examination, prosecution and post-trauma rehabilitation under one roof.
  • Facebook Q&A Session[31] A precedent was set by Punjab Chief Minister Muhammad Shehbaz Sharif when he took the initiative to contact the people directly on social media website Facebook and directly answer the questions of the citizens. It was the first time in the Pakistani political history where a sitting chief minister used technology to communicate with citizens directly. In his 40 minutes long video Q&A session, Shehbaz Sharif answered questions of people from different walks of life. This process of contact with Facebook public will continue in future as well. In previous tenure of 1998, Prime Minister Mian Nawaz Sharif also started initiative of taking calls personally to resolve issues of the citizens.
  • Rawalpindi Institute of Cardiology Following the reforms in health sector, Punjab Chief Minister Shehbaz Sharif inaugurated the successful completion of Rawalpindi Institute of Cardiology. This hospital has been completed at the cost of Rs. 3.6 billion. The 272-bed hospital is equipped with high medical facilities to provide complete health facilities.
  • Quaid-e-Azam Solar Power Park (QASP)[32] Quaid-e-Azam Solar Power Park is the world's largest solar park, located in Cholistan, Punjab. It has around 400,000 solar panels with a capacity to produce 1,000 MW electricity, enough to power 320,000 households.
  • Lahore Orange Line Metro The Orange Line of Lahore Metro is an under construction line of the Lahore Metro network in Lahore. It is a part of mass transit programme launched by Chief Minister Shehbaz Sharif. Construction work for Lahore Orange Line Metro Train project has started in the provincial metropolis. Labourers, workers, students, doctors, lawyers, farmers, traders and people of all walks of life will travel by metro train and approximately over 2.5 lakh people will benefit from this project daily. Lahore Orange Line Metro has a 27 km long route. 24.3 km long section will be at a height of six meters from the ground while 1.7 km track will be underground with total of 26 stations. Metro train will be connecting all the main areas of Lahore starting from Ali Town, Thokar Niaz Baig, Wahdat Road, Aiwan Town, Sabzazaar, Samanabad, Gulshan Ravi, Chuburji, GPO, Lakshami, Railway Station, UET, Shalamar Bagh, Mehmood Boti to Dera Gujjaran. It will bring a revolution in transport sector and work will be carried out round the clock on this project.[33]
  • The Dolphin Force[34] Its is a new elite security unit, inspired by law enforcement unit in Turkey. This unit is patrolling the streets of Lahore to curb street crimes. The unit has so far received 35 HONDA CB motorbikes out of an estimated final strength of 300 to aid in pursuit and apprehension.

CM's Special Monitoring Unit

Special Monitoring Unit (SMU) is an initiative of Mr Shehbaz Sharif. CM's Special Monitoring Unit (SMU) Law and Order is an entity of the Government of Punjab and an essential part of the Chief Minister’s Office. The unit is responsible for monitoring and implementation of various projects across Punjab. The unit is directly accountable to the CM and the citizens of the province of Punjab.

Since its inception in August 2014, SMU has already introduced ground breaking reforms in Law & Order wing that are currently in implementation stage. These include but are not limited to: Violence Against Women Centres (VAWC) – Provision of all facilities under one roof (including First Aid, FIR lodging, Prosecutor, Medical Examination, Forensics, Post Trauma Rehabilitation, Psychologist Consulting, Dar-ul-Amaans and Placement into Society)[35] Dealer Vehicle Registration System (D.V.R.S) -- Citizen convenience by vehicle registration and license plate issuance at dealerships.[36] Token Tax Identification Stickers – to eliminate inconvenient checkpoint stops [37] Specialty plates – Customized license plates in different colors and with options for different images (relating to Culture, Disability, Personalities, Punjab Landmarks and in support of causes such as Breast Cancer, Terror Victims etc.)[38] • Introduction of camera integrated traffic fines with zero discrimination towards violators. Vehicle owners are traced by the registration plate data and warnings are sent to the owner’s house. Model Graveyards to facilitate grieving citizens [39][39][40][41] • Traffic Reforms including engineering, education and enforcement [42][43][44] • Restaurant Grading System which will give citizens the decision making power to choose restaurants based on quality and hygiene as opposed to the ambiance.[45][46]

Sharif is well respected internationally including China, Germany and Turkey. Their government functionaries are impressed by his governance of the Punjab province.[47] He is acknowledged even by his opponents as an outstanding administrator for his role in making Punjab a model of good governance.[48]

Fight against Dengue

In 2011 there was a Dengue fever outbreak in Punjab. The total number of reported patients was 17,352, with loss of 252 lives in district Lahore only. The Punjab government under Chief Minister Sharif took radical and drastic measures[49] to bring this menace completely under control. In 2012 only 182 confirmed cases were reported in district Lahore with zero mortality. The achievement was recognized and appreciated by Sri Lankan and other foreign experts.[4]

Third term as Chief Minister

On 6 June 2013, Sharif was elected Chief Minister of Punjab for a third term with more than two-thirds majority. He secured 300 votes while his opponent Mahmoodur Rashid of PTI got 34 votes.[50]

Model Town Massacre

Model Town tragedy was unintentional clash between ploice and PAT workers. Police claimed that they were attacked by people inside the PAT secretariat, a claim that is denied by party chief Qadri. Qadri strongly condemned the attack and called it the worst form of state terrorism. Qadri vowed to avenge the deaths of his political workers by bringing about a revolution that would hasten the end of the rule of prime minister Nawaz Sharif and his brother Shehbaz Sharif.[51][52]

Government of Punjab and Punjab Police refused to register an FIR by Pakistan Awami Tehreek against Shehbaz Sharif and then Law Minister Rana Sanaullah. PAT filed an application to Session Court of Lahore for registration of FIR and court ruled, on 16 August 2014, to register an FIR against Chief Minister Shehbaz Sharif, his brother Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif, then Law Minister Punjab Rana Sanaullah and 18 others.[53] Lahore High Court upheld the decision of Sessions Court on 26 August 2014 to register the FIR against Shehbaz Sharif and 20 other accused.[54] Sharif in an earlier statement offered to register FIR, but refused to resign from his post as Chief Minister of Punjab.[55] In 2015, Shehbaz Shrif including ministers and high officials were called innocence by Judicial Commission which was formed in order to investigate actual cause of Incident.

Kasur child sexual abuse scandal

In August 2015, various sexual abuse in Hussain Khanwala village in Kasur, after the discovery of hundreds of video clips showing children performing forced sex acts.[56] This child abuse was traced back to 2006 under the rule of former Chief Minister Punjab Pervaiz Ilahi. On 9 August 2015, Sharif ordered the Punjab Home Department to request Chief Justice of the Lahore High Court Manzoor Ahmed Malik to constitute a judicial inquiry to look into the matter.[57] The Chief Justice rejected the request, on the grounds that such an inquiry was constituted for fact-finding missions, and that the police had already begun making arrests in this instance. Shehbaz Sharif took prompt action by suspending Kasur’s DSP and three high-ranking officials of the Special Branch deputed in the region for their negligence in the case.[58]

Personal life

Shehbaz Sharif is the younger brother of Nawaz Sharif. In 1973, Sharif married his first wife, Nusrat Shehbaz. In 1993, Nusrat Shehbaz passed away and Shehbaz married his second wife, Aaliya Honey. Aaliya died just 6 months after marriage. Sharif's third and last marriage was with Tehmina Durrani, the author of My Feudal Lord.[59]

See also

References

  1. ^ Chief Ministers
  2. ^ PMLN Presidents
  3. ^
  4. ^ a b Dengue under control: Health department The News International (2012-10-18)
  5. ^ http://pakvisit.com/pakistan/metrobus.html
  6. ^
  7. ^
  8. ^
  9. ^ Pakistan court orders arrest of Sharif's brother. Channelnewsasia.com (27 March 2013). Retrieved on 28 April 2013.
  10. ^ US says ex-Pakistani premier Sharif's deportation an "internal matter". Channelnewsasia.com (27 March 2013). Retrieved on 28 April 2013.
  11. ^ Kumar, Arun (11 September 2007) US denies hand in Sharif deportation. Muslim World News
  12. ^
  13. ^ "CM Shehbaz Sharif gets Vote of Confidence", Pakistan Times, 10 June 2008.
  14. ^ Pakistan faces instability as Sharif disqualified. The China Post (2009-02-26). Retrieved on 2012-04-07.
  15. ^ Court clears the way for Nawaz Sharif to return to power The Telegraph (2009-03-31)
  16. ^ Punjab Education Endowment Fund
  17. ^ Punjab Education Foundation
  18. ^ Punjab Metrobus Authority
  19. ^ Punjab Food Authority
  20. ^ Punjab IT Board
  21. ^ Punjab Land Development Company
  22. ^ ITU Lahore
  23. ^ PML(N) Achievements
  24. ^ Youth Development Programme
  25. ^ Punjab Forensic Science Agency
  26. ^ Punjab Youth Internship Program
  27. ^ Plan9 Tech Incubator
  28. ^ Lahore Waste Management Company
  29. ^ [1], Punjab Model for Proactive Governance: New anti-corruption drive makes waves, The Express Tribune (2012-02-19).
  30. ^ [2]
  31. ^ [3]
  32. ^ [4]
  33. ^ [5]
  34. ^ [6]
  35. ^ http://www.dawn.com/news/1190301/protection-of-women-against-violence-bill-reservations-of-women-mpas-civil-society-addressed
  36. ^ http://www.dawn.com/news/1189623
  37. ^ http://www.thenews.com.pk/Todays-News-5-326658-Token-tax-identification-stickers-launched
  38. ^ http://www.dawn.com/news/1191562
  39. ^ a b http://www.bbc.com/urdu/pakistan/2015/06/150623_lahore_graveyard_hk
  40. ^ http://nation.com.pk/lahore/15-Jul-2015/ground-breaking-of-shehr-e-khamoshaan
  41. ^ http://jang.com.pk/jang/jun2015-daily/27-06-2015/col4.htm
  42. ^ http://www.dawn.com/news/1193543/govt-plans-integrated-traffic-system
  43. ^ http://tribune.com.pk/story/839025/smooth-drive-govt-working-on-plan-to-address-traffic-problems/
  44. ^ http://tribune.com.pk/story/830445/psychological-woes-poor-mental-health-affecting-police-morale/
  45. ^ http://www.dawn.com/news/1198702/more-eateries-bear-pfa-closure-seal
  46. ^ http://www.dawn.com/news/1193757/fresh-efforts-for-providing-healthy-hygienic-food-to-people
  47. ^ Nawaz, Shehbaz most popular leaders Pakistan Observer
  48. ^ Shehbaz Deserves Better The Nation (2012-11-03)
  49. ^ Combating Dengue engue.punjab.gov.pk
  50. ^ [7], Shehbaz Sworn in as CM Punjab for Third Time, Dawn.com
  51. ^
  52. ^
  53. ^
  54. ^
  55. ^
  56. ^
  57. ^
  58. ^ [8]
  59. ^

External links

  • Official website
  • Shehbaz Sharif on Facebook
  • Shehbaz Sharif on Twitter
  • PML(N)
Political offices
Preceded by
Mian Muhammad Afzal Hayat
Chief Minister of Punjab
1997–1999
Succeeded by
Chaudhry Pervaiz Elahi
Preceded by
Dost Muhammad Khosa
2nd term
2008–2009
Succeeded by
Salmaan Taseer (Governor's Rule)
Preceded by
Salmaan Taseer
(Restored)
2009–2013
Succeeded by
Najam Sethi
Preceded by
Najam Sethi
3rd term
2013–present
Succeeded by
Incumbent
Party political offices
Preceded by
Nawaz Sharif
President of the Pakistan Muslim League (N)
2002–2011
Succeeded by
Nawaz Sharif
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