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State historic preservation office

The state historic preservation office (SHPO) is a state governmental function created by the United States federal government in 1966 under Section 101 of the state and local governments, and private sector.[2][3] States are responsible for setting up their own SHPO; therefore, each SHPO varies slightly on rules and regulations. To link these differences with the SHPOs, the National Conference of State Historic Preservation Officers (NCSHPO) was created as a “point of contact” according to the National Historic Preservation Act.[4]

Contents

  • History 1
  • Purposes 2
  • SHPO among states 3
  • NCSHPO 4
  • Conclusion 5
  • Notes and references 6
  • See also 7
  • External links 8

History

In 1966, the National Conference of Historic Preservation Officers to represent them on a National level, particularly in Washington. The SHPO continued to gain an increasingly specific role, taking on the position of the advising consultant for the Section 106 review process. In 1980 with the amendment to the NHPA, the SHPO’s exact duties were finally identified, defining its role, which remains today.[5]

Purposes

The responsibilities of the State Historic Preservation Office, according to the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, as amended, include running the State Historic Preservation Program and, as stated in the Act:

  • (A) — In cooperation with private organizations and individuals, direct and conduct a comprehensive statewide survey of historic properties and maintain inventories of such properties;
  • (B) — Identify and nominate eligible properties to the National Register and otherwise administer applications for listing historic properties on the National register;
  • (C) — Prepare and implement a comprehensive statewide historic preservation plan;
  • (D) — Administer the State program of Federal assistance for historic preservation within the State;
  • (E) — Advise and assist, as appropriate, Federal and State agencies and local governments in carrying out their historic preservation responsibilities;
  • (F) — Cooperate with the Secretary, the Advisory Council on Historic Preservation, and other Federal and State agencies, local governments, and organizations and individuals to ensure historic properties are taken into consideration at all levels of planning and development;
  • (G) — Provide public information, education and training, and technical assistance relating to the Federal and State Historic Preservation Programs; and
  • (H) — Cooperate with local governments in the development of the local historic preservation programs and assist local governments in becoming certified pursuant to subsection (C).[6]

Definitions “Comprehensive Statewide Historic preservation plan” – The official plan assumed by local governments throughout the state, that guides decision making over proposed public and private actions affecting community development.[7] View an example here.

Secretary” refers to the Secretary of the Interior in the Department of the Interior.

"Historic Preservation Program" – A program designed to support and promote historic preservation interests and priorities. There are National, Federal and State Preservation Programs, each tailored to suit the needs at each particular level.[8]

Certified local government”- For a city or town’s local government to become certified, it has to meet particular standards so that it can participate in certain NHPA programs.[9]

SHPO among states

SHPOs exist not only in

  • List of SHPOs by State

External links

See also

  1. ^ King, Thomas F. Cultural Resource: Laws & Practice. 2nd Edition. (Lanham, Maryland: AltaMira Press, 2004), 22.
  2. ^ National Trust for Historic Preservation, What Does the State Historic Preservation Office Do?.
  3. ^ National Trust for Historic Preservation Resources (20 April 2008).
  4. ^ National Conference of State Historic Preservation Office, .About NCSHPO (20 April 2008).]
  5. ^ King, Thomas F. Cultural Resource: Laws & Practice, 2nd Edition. Lanham, Maryland: AltaMira Press, 2004, 27.
  6. ^ National Trust for Historic Preservation [and] Special Committee on Historic Preservation, United States Conference of Mayors ; Albert Rains, chairman ; Laurance G. Henderson, director, With Heritage So Rich, (Washington, D.C.: Preservation Books, (1999), 203.
  7. ^ Miller, Julia H. A Layperson’s Guide to Historic Preservation Law, (Washington, D.C.: Preservation Books, 2004), 50. ISBN 0-918286-83-2; ISBN 978-0-918286-83-3.
  8. ^ Advisory Council on Historic Preservation, The National Historic Preservation Program: Overview, Advisory Council on Historic Preservation, (23 May 2008).
  9. ^ Miller, 50.
  10. ^ King, Thomas F. Cultural Resource: Laws & Practice, 2nd Edition, (Lanham, Maryland: AltaMira Press, 2004.) 22 & 41.
  11. ^ Oregon Parks and Recreation Department, Heritage Programs: State Historic Preservation Office Oregon State Historic Preservation Office, (19 May 2008).
  12. ^ New Hampshire Division of Historical Resources, Tools for Preserving Barns and Farms, New Hampshire State Historic Preservation Office, (19 May 2008)
  13. ^ Social Studies Resources for Students and Teachers, Gallery: South Beach Art Deco District, Exploring Florida, (20 May 2008).
  14. ^ Zagars, Julie, ed., Preservation Yellow Pages, Revised Edition. (New York, New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 1997), 38 & 39. ISBN 978-0-471-19120-9.
  15. ^ National Conference of State Historic Preservation Office, About NCSHPO National Conference of State Historic Preservation Officers, (9 May 2008).
  16. ^ King, Thomas F. Cultural Resource Laws and Practice, 2nd Edition, (Lanham, Maryland: AltaMira Press, 2004), 43.
  17. ^ National Conference of State Historic Preservation Office, Meeting Information, National Conference of State Historic Preservation Officers, (9 May 2008).
  18. ^ National Conference of State Historic Preservation Office, “About NCSHPO,” (9 May 2008).

Notes and references

The purpose of the SHPO, with the cooperation of the local governments within their state, is to ultimately support the Federal Historic Preservation Program. It accomplishes this through its various responsibilities and purposes. With the many cultural differences between states, the SHPO has evolved to each state allowing the creation of specialized programs and the refining of the Federal Historic Preservation Program to conform within each state. The SHPO, therefore, plays an integral role in implementing the Federal Historic Preservation Program at the state level. SHPO is not only important at a state level, it is important at the National level as well. It is a collaboration of preservation ideas that lead to recognizing and protecting the United States, and their territories’, historic treasures.

Conclusion

Generally the President of the NCSHPO is a previous member of the National Park Service, The National Trust for Historic Preservation and Preservation Action.[18]

The NCSHPO meets once a year and participants include not only SHPOs, but members of Preservation Action and the National Alliance of Preservation Commissions, National Trust for Historic Preservation Advisors and federal agencies. Participants are updated on important legislative issues and then visit Capitol Hill with the information, to meet with their Representatives and Senators to establish favorable positions on these issues.[17]

[16] The mission of the NCSHPO is to act as a national representative for the SHPOs, especially when it comes to representing their interests in Washington.[15] The

NCSHPO

[14]

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