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West Virginia Civil War Confederate Units

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Title: West Virginia Civil War Confederate Units  
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Subject: West Virginia in the American Civil War, List of West Virginia Civil War Union units, List of American Civil War regiments by state, Confederate Army of the Northwest
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West Virginia Civil War Confederate Units

The following is a list of West Virginia Confederate Units which were composed mostly or notably by citizens of the 50 counties of western Virginia which eventually became West Virginia. These units, with the exception of the Kentucky units, are designated "Virginia", as were the Union regiments from western Virginia. After the admittance of West Virginia as a state in 1863, those Union units from western Virginia changed their designation to "West Virginia", while the Confederate units remained "Virginia". Following the names of the units are the names of the counties, in parentheses, which contributed to those units, and does not include neighboring counties of Kentucky or Virginia.

Infantry

Cavalry

Artillery

  • Bryan's Battery, Monroe Artillery (Monroe, Greenbrier)
  • Chapman's Battery, Monroe-Dixie Artillery, Virginia Light Artillery (Monroe)
  • Chew's Battery, Virginia Horse Artillery (Jefferson, Berkeley)
  • French's Battery, Virginia Light Artillery (Mercer)
  • Gauley Artillery, Capt. Stephen Adam's Battery (Raleigh)
  • Capt. Thomas E. Jackson's Co., Virginia Horse Artillery (Kanawha, Mason, Wayne)
  • Kanawha Artillery (Kanawha, Mason, Wayne)
  • Lowry's Battery, Virginia Light Artillery (Monroe)
  • Lurty's Company, Virginia Horse Artillery (Calhoun, Gilmer, Greenbrier, Harrison, Lewis, Marion, Upshur, Webster)
  • McClanahan's Battery (Randolph)
  • Penick's Company, Virginia Light Artillery (Greenbrier)
  • Taylor's Company, Virginia Light Artillery (Berkeley)
  • Western Artillery (Monroe)
  • Wise Artillery (Berkeley)

Virginia State Line & Other Units

  • 67th Regiment Virginia Militia (Berkeley)
  • 89th Regiment Virginia Militia (Morgan)
  • 151st Regiment Virginia Militia (Mercer)
  • 190th Regiment Virginia Militia (Wyoming)
  • 1st VSL, Capt. Daniel Elkins Co, Co. B (Boone)
  • 1st VSL. Capt. Greene W. Taylor's Co., Co. A (Logan)
  • 1st VSL, Capt. Wm. Dempsey's Co., Co. E (Logan)
  • 1st VSL, Capt. Benj. Justice's Co., Co. H (Logan)
  • 1st VSL, Capt. John Buchanan's Co., Co. I (Logan)
  • 1st VSL, Capt. Robert Lawson's Co., Co. K (Logan)
  • 1st VSL, Capt. Geo. Hackworth's Co., Co. F (Cabell)
  • 2nd VSL, Capt. Mathias Harrison's Co., Co. H (Cabell, Logan, Wayne)
  • 2nd VSL, Capt. William S. Chandler's Co., Co. K (Boone)
  • 4th VSL, Capt. William Hensley's Co., Co. G (Cabell)
  • 4th VSL, Capt. John E. Love's Co., Co. E (Kanawha)
  • 5th VSL, Capt. Lorenzo D. Chambers' Co., Co. A (Logan)
  • 5th VSL, Capt. Melvin B. Lawson's Co., Co. E, later part of Rebel Bill Smith's Battn. (Logan)
  • 5th VSL, Capt. P.K. McComas Co., Co. I (Logan)

Guerrilla Units

These units were often called "Moccasin Rangers" in the North, but were designated "Partisan Rangers" or "Confederate States Rangers". They operated as such from 1861–62, and were later recruited into the Virginia State Line in the latter half of 1862, and then into the regular Confederate Army in March 1863. The counties from which they were mainly originated are in parentheses at the end of each name.

  • Capt. John W. "Big John" Amick's Co., Amick's Rangers (Nicholas)
  • Black Striped Company (Logan)
  • Capt. P.M. Carpenter's Co. (Logan)
  • Capt. Perry Connolly's Co., formerly Capt. George W. Silcott's Co., 186th Regt. Va. Militia (Calhoun)
  • Capt. James S.A. Crawford's Co., The Night Hawks (Wood, Jackson & Wirt)
  • Capt. George Downs' Co., Co. No. 1 Va. State Rangers, formerly 186th Regt. Va. Militia (Calhoun)
  • Capt. Daniel Dusky's Co., formerly Co. C, 186th Regt. Va. Militia (Calhoun, Roane, Wirt, & Jackson)
  • Capt. Sampson Elza's Co., Dixie Boys (Randolph & Pendleton)
  • Capt. Richard B. Foley's Co., Flat Top Copperheads, also known as Foley's Independent Co. of Infantry, formerly Co. F, 151st Regt. Va. Militia (Mercer)
  • Capt. Ezekiel "Zeke" Harper's Co. (Tucker & Randolph)
  • Capt. William Harris' Co., Co. No. 7, Va. State Rangers (Wood)
  • Capt. W.A. "Devil Anse" Hatfield's Co., formed from the 129th Regt. Va Militia (Logan)
  • Capt. Benjamin W. Haymond's Co., Co. No. 8 Va. State Rangers (Braxton)
  • Capt. Jonathan Haymond's Co., Co. No. 10 Va. State Rangers (Marion)
  • Capt. John E. Hays' Co., Co. No. 6 Va. State Rangers (Gilmer)
  • Capt. Absolom Knotts' Co., Knott's Rangers, formerly 186th Regt. Va. Militia (Calhoun)
  • Capt. James McCray's Co., Mountain Rangers, Co. No. 5, Va. State Rangers, formed from the 199th Regt. Va. Militia (Webster)
  • Capt. Duncan McLaughlin's Co., Webster Dare Devils, formed from the 199th Regt. Va. Militia (Webster)
  • Capt. William T. Meador's Co., Co. No. 9 Va. State Rangers (Mercer, Summers, Wyoming)
  • Capt. (Rev.) John Elam Mitchell's Co., formerly 165th Regt. Va. Militia (Gilmer)
  • Capt. William Franklin Pierson's Co. (Braxton)
  • Capt. John Righter's Co., Co. No. 4, Va. State Rangers (Marion, Harrison, Taylor)
  • Capt. Peter Sauerbourne's Co., formerly 186th Regt. Va. Militia (Calhoun)
  • Capt. James E. Smith's Co., formerly 141st Regt. Va. Militia (Jackson)
  • Capt. James W. Smith's Co. (Jackson)
  • Capt. William "Rebel Bill" Smith's Co., formerly 167th Regt. Va. Militia (Wayne)
  • Capt. John L. Sprigg's Co., Braxton Co. Rangers, Co. No. 2 Va. State Rangers (Braxton)
  • Capt. Philip James Thurmond's Co., Thurmond's Rangers (Monroe, Greenbrier, Fayette, Raleigh, Kanawha)
  • Capt. William D. Thurmond's Co., Thurmond's Rangers (Fayette)
  • Capt. Marshall Triplett's Co., Co. No. 3 Va. State Rangers (Clay, Nicholas, Webster)
  • Capt. Jack Tuning's Co. (Braxton, Webster)

Generals-Confederate & Virginia Militia

The following Generals were either born in, raised in, or living in western Virginia at the time of the war.

References

  • Allardice, Bruce S. More Generals in Gray, Louisiana State Univ. Press
  • Dickinson, Jack L. Tattered Uniforms and Bright Bayonets: West Virginia's Confederate Soldiers. Marshall University, Huntington, WV, 1995.
  • Linger, James Carter Confederate Military Units of West Virginia. Privately Published, 8th printing, 2002.
  • Warner, Ezra J. Generals in Gray, Louisiana State Univ. Press
  • White, Robert, Col. Confederate Military History, Extended Edition, Vol. III, West Virginia, Broadfoot Publishing Co., Wilmington, NC, 1987.
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