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Foreign Aid : An Introductory Overview of U. S. Programs and Policy

By Tarnoff, Curt

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Book Id: WPLBN0000007920
Format Type: PDF eBook
File Size: 0.5 MB
Reproduction Date: 2008

Title: Foreign Aid : An Introductory Overview of U. S. Programs and Policy  
Author: Tarnoff, Curt
Volume:
Language: English
Subject: Government publications, Legislation., Government Printing Office (U.S.)
Collections: Government Library Collection
Historic
Publication Date:
Publisher: Government Printing Office

Citation

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Tarnoff, C. (n.d.). Foreign Aid : An Introductory Overview of U. S. Programs and Policy. Retrieved from http://netlibrary.net/


Excerpt
Summary: Foreign assistance is a fundamental component of the international affairs budget and is viewed by many as an essential instrument of U.S. foreign policy. This report provides an overview of the U.S. foreign aid program, by addressing a number of the more frequently asked questions regarding the subject.

Table of Contents
Contents Foreign Aid Goals and Programs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 What are the goals and objectives of U.S. foreign assistance? . . . . . . . . . . . 1 What are the different types of foreign aid and how much do they cost? . . . 2 Bilateral development assistance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Economic aid supporting U.S. political and security objectives . . . . . 3 Humanitarian economic assistance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Food aid (non-emergency) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Multilateral assistance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Military assistance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Foreign Aid Spending . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 How large is the U.S. foreign assistance budget and what have been the historical funding trends? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 How does foreign aid spending compare with other federal programs? . . . . 9 How much of foreign aid dollars are spent on U.S. goods? How does this compare with other nations’ programs? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Recipients of U.S. Foreign Assistance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 Which countries receive U.S. foreign aid? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 Why do some countries receive grants while others receive loans? How much of foreign aid loans have been repaid? What incentives do foreign aid recipients have to repay U.S. loans? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 Loan/grant composition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 Loan repayment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 Debt forgiveness . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 How does the United States rank as a donor of foreign aid? . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Congress and Foreign Aid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 What congressional committees oversee foreign aid programs? . . . . . . . . 18 What are the major foreign aid legislative vehicles? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 The Executive Branch and Foreign Aid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 What executive branch agencies administer foreign aid programs? . . . . . . 19 Data Appendix . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 List of Figures Figure 1. Program Composition of Aid - 2001 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Figure 2. Shifts in Program Emphasis, 1989-2001 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Figure 3. U.S. Foreign Aid, FY1946 - 2000 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Figure 4. Foreign Aid as a Percent of GDP, 1946-2001 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Figure 5. Foreign Aid as a Percent of the Budget, 1977-2001 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 Figure 6. Foreign Operations Appropriations, 1985-2001 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Figure 7. U.S. Budget Outlays, 2001 Estimates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10

 

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