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Effects of 1, 3-Butadiene, Isoprene, And Their Photochemical Degradation Products on Human Lung Cells

By Doyle, Melanie

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Book Id: WPLBN0000023407
Format Type: PDF eBook
File Size: 0.3 MB
Reproduction Date: 2005
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Title: Effects of 1, 3-Butadiene, Isoprene, And Their Photochemical Degradation Products on Human Lung Cells  
Author: Doyle, Melanie
Language: English
Subject: Government publications, United Nations., United Nations. Office for Disarmament Affairs
Collections: Government Library Collection, Disarmament Documents
Publication Date:
Publisher: United Nations- Office for Disarmament Affairs (Unoda)


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Doyle, M. (n.d.). Effects of 1, 3-Butadiene, Isoprene, And Their Photochemical Degradation Products on Human Lung Cells. Retrieved from

Government Reference Publication

Excerpt: Because of potential exposure both in the workplace and from ambient air, the known carcinogen 1,3-butadiene (BD) is considered a priority hazardous air pollutant. BD and its 2-methyl analog, isoprene (ISO), are chemically similar but have very different toxicities, with ISO showing no significant carcinogenesis. Once released into the atmosphere, reactions with species induced by sunlight and nitrogen oxides convert BD and ISO into several photochemical reaction products. In this study, we determined the relative toxicity and inflammatory gene expression induced by exposure of A549 cells to BD, ISO, and their photochemical degradation products in the presence of nitric oxide. Gas chromatography and mass spectrometry analyses indicate the initial and major photochemical products produced during these experiments for BD are acrolein, acetaldehyde, and formaldehyde, and products for ISO are methacrolein, methyl vinyl ketone, and formaldehyde; both formed < 200 ppb of ozone. After exposure the cells were examined for cytotoxicity and interleukin-8 (IL-8) gene expression, as a marker for inflammation. These results indicate that although BD and ISO alone caused similar cytotoxicity and IL-8 responses compared with the air control, their photochemical products significantly enhanced cytotoxicity and IL-8 gene expression. This suggests that once ISO and BD are released into the environment, reactions occurring in the atmosphere transform these hydrocarbons into products that induce potentially greater adverse health effects than the emitted hydrocarbons by themselves. In addition, the data suggest that based on the carbon concentration or per carbon basis, biogenic ISO transforms into products with proinflammatory potential similar to that of BD products. Key words: 1,3-butadiene, air pollution, atmospheric chemistry, hydrocarbons, in vitro, interleukin-8, irradiative chambers, isoprene, lung epithelial cells, photochemical products.


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