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Association between Chlorination of Drinking Water and Adverse Pregnancy Outcome in Taiwan

By Yang, Chun-Yuh

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Book Id: WPLBN0000038921
Format Type: PDF eBook
File Size: 0.2 MB
Reproduction Date: 2005
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Title: Association between Chlorination of Drinking Water and Adverse Pregnancy Outcome in Taiwan  
Author: Yang, Chun-Yuh
Language: English
Subject: Government publications, United Nations., United Nations. Office for Disarmament Affairs
Collections: Government Library Collection, Disarmament Documents
Publication Date:
Publisher: United Nations- Office for Disarmament Affairs (Unoda)


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Yang, C. Y. (n.d.). Association between Chlorination of Drinking Water and Adverse Pregnancy Outcome in Taiwan. Retrieved from

Government Reference Publication

Excerpt: The economy and effectiveness of chlorine in killing waterborne organisms has made water chlorination a tremendous public health success worldwide. However, chlorination of water can produce trace amounts of by-products such as trihalomethanes (THMs), which are carcinogenic organic halogenated contaminants of water chlorination (1?3). A number of epidemiologic studies have focused on the possible associations between the consumption of chlorinated drinking water and cancer mortality or incidence (4?15). Most studies have shown positive associations between the use of chlorinated drinking water and colorectal and bladder cancer risk. Recently, several epidemiologic studies have examined the associations between the consumption of chlorinated water and adverse pregnancy outcomes (16?24). These studies found associations between chlorination and risk of spontaneous abortion, infants being small for gestational age, having low birth weight, or displaying specific birth defects. These studies considered a wide range of populations and regions but have been mainly carried out in the United States. The present study was carried out because few epidemiologic studies have been conducted outside the United States (21,23).


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