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Exposures to the Kuwait Oil Fires and Their Association with Asthma and Bronchitis Among Gulf War Veterans

By Lange, Jeffrey L.

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Book Id: WPLBN0000116022
Format Type: PDF eBook
File Size: 0.7 MB
Reproduction Date: 2005

Title: Exposures to the Kuwait Oil Fires and Their Association with Asthma and Bronchitis Among Gulf War Veterans  
Author: Lange, Jeffrey L.
Volume:
Language: English
Subject: Government publications, United Nations., United Nations. Office for Disarmament Affairs
Collections: Government Library Collection, Disarmament Documents
Historic
Publication Date:
Publisher: United Nations- Office for Disarmament Affairs (Unoda)

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Lange, J. L. (n.d.). Exposures to the Kuwait Oil Fires and Their Association with Asthma and Bronchitis Among Gulf War Veterans. Retrieved from http://netlibrary.net/


Description
Government Reference Publication

Excerpt
Excerpt: The media, Gulf War veterans, and some scientists have suggested that illnesses observed among veterans after the war are attributable to deployment-related exposures (1). Gulf War veterans have reported a higher prevalence of symptoms than contemporaneous soldiers not deployed to the war for many illnesses, including bronchitis and asthma (2?10). Principal respiratory exposures that occurred during the war include combustion products, chemical agent-resistant coating paint, sand, and smoke emanating from oilwell fires within Kuwait. The oil-fire smoke came from some 600 burning wells that were ignited in February 1991 by Iraqi forces as they retreated. These burning wells produced a composite smoke plume of gaseous constituents, acid aerosols, volatile organic compounds, metal compounds, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, and particulate matter that was visible over a large area of southwest Asia (11). Gaseous constituents were predominantly carbon dioxide and sulfur dioxide; the particulate matter mostly consisted of salts, organic compounds, soot (elemental carbon), and sulfates. The particle diameters were in the respirable range, mostly between 0.1 micrometer and 0.8 micrometer (12).

 

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