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Controlled Human Exposure to Methyl Tertiary Butyl Ether in Gasoline : Symptoms, Psychophysiologic and Neurobehavioral Responses of Self- Reported Sensitive Persons

By Opiekun, Richard E.

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Book Id: WPLBN0000171774
Format Type: PDF eBook
File Size: 0.2 MB
Reproduction Date: 2005
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Title: Controlled Human Exposure to Methyl Tertiary Butyl Ether in Gasoline : Symptoms, Psychophysiologic and Neurobehavioral Responses of Self- Reported Sensitive Persons  
Author: Opiekun, Richard E.
Volume:
Language: English
Subject: Government publications, United Nations., United Nations. Office for Disarmament Affairs
Collections: Government Library Collection, Disarmament Documents
Historic
Publication Date:
Publisher: United Nations- Office for Disarmament Affairs (Unoda)

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Opiekun, R. E. (n.d.). Controlled Human Exposure to Methyl Tertiary Butyl Ether in Gasoline : Symptoms, Psychophysiologic and Neurobehavioral Responses of Self- Reported Sensitive Persons. Retrieved from http://netlibrary.net/


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Government Reference Publication

Excerpt
Excerpt: Until the fall of 1992, methyl tertiary butyl ether (MTBE) was used as an octane enhancer in premium gasolines. To bring several regions of the United States into compliance with the National Ambient Air Quality Standards for carbon monoxide, the 1990 Clean Air Act (1) mandated 2.7% by weight oxygen concentration in cold season fuels and 2.0% by weight oxygen during photochemical smog season. Although both MTBE and ethanol can be used to oxygenate fuel, MTBE was the chemical most frequently chosen for oxygenation. This increase to 15% MTBE in gasoline was followed by acute health complaints in several regions of New Jersey and Alaska (2,3). Subsequent cross-sectional community studies of healthy workers suggested that the highest blood levels of MTBE were associated with more symptoms (4?6). Controlled exposures to pure MTBE, however, did not show increased symptom reports or neurobehavioral performance deficits in healthy young adults (7?9). To date, no controlled exposure to MTBE has directly evaluated the symptoms and health effects that were reported anecdotally by a subset of individuals (7,10).

 

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