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Plos Biology : Expanding the Neuron’s Calcium Signaling Repertoire ; Intracellular Calcium Release Via Voltage-induced Plc and Ip3R Activation, Volume 5

By Spitzer, Nick C.

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Book Id: WPLBN0003926981
Format Type: PDF eBook :
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Reproduction Date: 2015

Title: Plos Biology : Expanding the Neuron’s Calcium Signaling Repertoire ; Intracellular Calcium Release Via Voltage-induced Plc and Ip3R Activation, Volume 5  
Author: Spitzer, Nick C.
Volume: Volume 5
Language: English
Subject: Journals, Science, Biology
Collections: Periodicals: Journal and Magazine Collection, PLoS Biology
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Publisher: Plos

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Spitzer, N. C. (n.d.). Plos Biology : Expanding the Neuron’s Calcium Signaling Repertoire ; Intracellular Calcium Release Via Voltage-induced Plc and Ip3R Activation, Volume 5. Retrieved from http://netlibrary.net/


Description
Description : Neuronal calcium acts as a charge carrier during information processing and as a ubiquitous intracellular messenger. Calcium signals are fundamental to numerous aspects of neuronal development and plasticity. Specific and independent regulation of these vital cellular processes is achieved by a rich bouquet of different calcium signaling mechanisms within the neuron, which either can operate independently or may act in concert. This study demonstrates the existence of a novel calcium signaling mechanism by simultaneous patch clamping and calcium imaging from acutely isolated central neurons. These neurons possess a membrane voltage sensor that, independent of calcium influx, causes G-protein activation, which subsequently leads to calcium release from intracellular stores via phospholipase C and inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor activation. This allows neurons to monitor activity by intracellular calcium release without relying on calcium as the input signal and opens up new insights into intracellular signaling, developmental regulation, and information processing in neuronal compartments lacking calcium channels.

 

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