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Plos Biology : Pink1 Protects Against Oxidative Stress by Phosphorylating Mitochondrial Chaperone Trap1, Volume 5

By Zoghbi, Huda Y.

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Book Id: WPLBN0003927075
Format Type: PDF eBook :
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Reproduction Date: 2015

Title: Plos Biology : Pink1 Protects Against Oxidative Stress by Phosphorylating Mitochondrial Chaperone Trap1, Volume 5  
Author: Zoghbi, Huda Y.
Volume: Volume 5
Language: English
Subject: Journals, Science, Biology
Collections: Periodicals: Journal and Magazine Collection (Contemporary), PLoS Biology
Historic
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Publisher: Plos

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Zoghbi, H. Y. (n.d.). Plos Biology : Pink1 Protects Against Oxidative Stress by Phosphorylating Mitochondrial Chaperone Trap1, Volume 5. Retrieved from http://netlibrary.net/


Description
Description : Mutations in the PTEN induced putative kinase 1 (PINK1) gene cause an autosomal recessive form of Parkinson disease (PD). So far, no substrates of PINK1 have been reported, and the mechanism by which PINK1 mutations lead to neurodegeneration is unknown. Here we report the identification of TNF receptor-associated protein 1 (TRAP1), a mitochondrial molecular chaperone also known as heat shock protein 75 (Hsp75), as a cellular substrate for PINK1 kinase. PINK1 binds and colocalizes with TRAP1 in the mitochondria and phosphorylates TRAP1 both in vitro and in vivo. We show that PINK1 protects against oxidative-stress-induced cell death by suppressing cytochrome c release from mitochondria, and this protective action of PINK1 depends on its kinase activity to phosphorylate TRAP1. Moreover, we find that the ability of PINK1 to promote TRAP1 phosphorylation and cell survival is impaired by PDlinked PINK1 G309D, L347P, and W437X mutations. Our findings suggest a novel pathway by which PINK1 phosphorylates downstream effector TRAP1 to prevent oxidative-stress-induced apoptosis and implicate the dysregulation of this mitochondrial pathway in PD pathogenesis.

 

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