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Plos Biology : Capzb2 Interacts with B-tubulin to Regulate Growth Cone Morphology and Neurite Outgrowth, Volume 7

By Schliwa, Manfred

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Book Id: WPLBN0003930713
Format Type: PDF eBook :
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Reproduction Date: 2015

Title: Plos Biology : Capzb2 Interacts with B-tubulin to Regulate Growth Cone Morphology and Neurite Outgrowth, Volume 7  
Author: Schliwa, Manfred
Volume: Volume 7
Language: English
Subject: Journals, Science, Biology
Collections: Periodicals: Journal and Magazine Collection, PLoS Biology
Historic
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Publisher: Plos

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Schliwa, M. (n.d.). Plos Biology : Capzb2 Interacts with B-tubulin to Regulate Growth Cone Morphology and Neurite Outgrowth, Volume 7. Retrieved from http://netlibrary.net/


Description
Description : Capping protein (CP) is a heterodimer that regulates actin assembly by binding to the barbed end of F-actin. In cultured nonneuronal cells, each CP subunit plays a critical role in the organization and dynamics of lamellipodia and filopodia. Mutations in either a or b CP subunit result in retinal degeneration in Drosophila. However, the function of CP subunits in mammalian neurons remains unclear. Here, we investigate the role of the b CP subunit expressed in the brain, Capzb2, in growth cone morphology and neurite outgrowth. We found that silencing Capzb2 in hippocampal neurons resulted in short neurites and misshapen growth cones in which microtubules overgrew into the periphery and completely overlapped with F-actin. In searching for the mechanisms underlying these cytoskeletal abnormalities, we identified b-tubulin as a novel binding partner of Capzb2 and demonstrated that Capzb2 decreases the rate and the extent of tubulin polymerization in vitro. We mapped the region of Capzb2 that was required for the subunit to interact with b-tubulin and inhibit microtubule polymerization. A mutant Capzb2 lacking this region was able to bind F-actin and form a CP heterodimer with a2-subunit. However, this mutant was unable to rescue the growth cone and neurite outgrowth phenotypes caused by Capzb2 knockdown. Together, these data suggest that Capzb2 plays an important role in growth cone formation and neurite outgrowth and that the underlying mechanism may involve direct interaction between Capzb2 and microtubules.

 

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