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Plos One : Cubozoan Venom-induced Cardiovascular Collapse is Caused by Hyperkalemia and Prevented by Zinc Gluconate in Mice, Volume 7

By Mukhopadhyay, Partha

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Book Id: WPLBN0003935744
Format Type: PDF eBook :
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Reproduction Date: 2015

Title: Plos One : Cubozoan Venom-induced Cardiovascular Collapse is Caused by Hyperkalemia and Prevented by Zinc Gluconate in Mice, Volume 7  
Author: Mukhopadhyay, Partha
Volume: Volume 7
Language: English
Subject: Journals, Science, Medical Science
Collections: Periodicals: Journal and Magazine Collection
Historic
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Publisher: Plos

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Mukhopadhyay, P. (n.d.). Plos One : Cubozoan Venom-induced Cardiovascular Collapse is Caused by Hyperkalemia and Prevented by Zinc Gluconate in Mice, Volume 7. Retrieved from http://netlibrary.net/


Description
Description : Chironex fleckeri (Australian box jellyfish) stings can cause acute cardiovascular collapse and death. We developed methods to recover venom with high specific activity, and evaluated the effects of both total venom and constituent porins at doses equivalent to lethal envenomation. Marked potassium release occurred within 5 min and hemolysis within 20 min in human red blood cells (RBC) exposed to venom or purified venom porin. Electron microscopy revealed abundant ,12-nm transmembrane pores in RBC exposed to purified venom porins. C57BL/6 mice injected with venom showed rapid decline in ejection fraction with progression to electromechanical dissociation and electrocardiographic findings consistent with acute hyperkalemia. Recognizing that porin assembly can be inhibited by zinc, we found that zinc gluconate inhibited potassium efflux from RBC exposed to total venom or purified porin, and prolonged survival time in mice following venom injection. These findings suggest that hyperkalemia is the critical event following Chironex fleckeri envenomation and that rapid administration of zinc could be life saving in human sting victims.

 

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