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Plos One : Induction of Osteogenic Differentiation of Adipose Derived Stem Cells by Microstructured Nitinol Actuator- Mediated Mechanical Stress, Volume 7

By Kerkis, Irina

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Book Id: WPLBN0003939464
Format Type: PDF eBook :
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Reproduction Date: 2015

Title: Plos One : Induction of Osteogenic Differentiation of Adipose Derived Stem Cells by Microstructured Nitinol Actuator- Mediated Mechanical Stress, Volume 7  
Author: Kerkis, Irina
Volume: Volume 7
Language: English
Subject: Journals, Science, Medical Science
Collections: Periodicals: Journal and Magazine Collection (Contemporary)
Historic
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Publisher: Plos

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Kerkis, I. (n.d.). Plos One : Induction of Osteogenic Differentiation of Adipose Derived Stem Cells by Microstructured Nitinol Actuator- Mediated Mechanical Stress, Volume 7. Retrieved from http://netlibrary.net/


Description
Description : The development of large tissue engineered bone remains a challenge in vitro, therefore the use of hybrid-implants might offer a bridge between tissue engineering and dense metal or ceramic implants. Especially the combination of the pseudoelastic implant material Nitinol (NiTi) with adipose derived stem cells (ASCs) opens new opportunities, as ASCs are able to differentiate osteogenically and therefore enhance osseointegration of implants. Due to limited knowledge about the effects of NiTi-structures manufactured by selective laser melting (SLM) on ASCs the study started with an evaluation of cytocompatibility followed by the investigation of the use of SLM-generated 3-dimensional NiTi-structures preseeded with ASCs as osteoimplant model. In this study we could demonstrate for the first time that osteogenic differentiation of ASCs can be induced by implant-mediated mechanical stimulation without support of osteogenic cell culture media. By use of an innovative implant design and synthesis via SLM-technique we achieved high rates of vital cells, proper osteogenic differentiation and mechanically loadable NiTi-scaffolds could be achieved.

 

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