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Plos Biology : Molecular Basis for the Dual Function of Eps8 on Actin Dynamics ; Bundling and Capping, Volume 8

By Schliwa, Manfred

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Book Id: WPLBN0003940910
Format Type: PDF eBook :
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Reproduction Date: 2015

Title: Plos Biology : Molecular Basis for the Dual Function of Eps8 on Actin Dynamics ; Bundling and Capping, Volume 8  
Author: Schliwa, Manfred
Volume: Volume 8
Language: English
Subject: Journals, Science, Biology
Collections: Periodicals: Journal and Magazine Collection, PLoS Biology
Historic
Publication Date:
Publisher: Plos

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Schliwa, M. (n.d.). Plos Biology : Molecular Basis for the Dual Function of Eps8 on Actin Dynamics ; Bundling and Capping, Volume 8. Retrieved from http://netlibrary.net/


Description
Description : Actin capping and cross-linking proteins regulate the dynamics and architectures of different cellular protrusions. Eps8 is the founding member of a unique family of capping proteins capable of side-binding and bundling actin filaments. However, the structural basis through which Eps8 exerts these functions remains elusive. Here, we combined biochemical, molecular, and genetic approaches with electron microscopy and image analysis to dissect the molecular mechanism responsible for the distinct activities of Eps8. We propose that bundling activity of Eps8 is mainly mediated by a compact four helix bundle, which is contacting three actin subunits along the filament. The capping activity is mainly mediated by a amphipathic helix that binds within the hydrophobic pocket at the barbed ends of actin blocking further addition of actin monomers. Single-point mutagenesis validated these modes of binding, permitting us to dissect Eps8 capping from bundling activity in vitro. We further showed that the capping and bundling activities of Eps8 can be fully dissected in vivo, demonstrating the physiological relevance of the identified Eps8 structural/functional modules. Eps8 controls actin-based motility through its capping activity, while, as a bundler, is essential for proper intestinal morphogenesis of developing Caenorhabditis elegans.


 

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