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Plos One : Expression of Recipient Cd47 on Rat Insulinoma Cell Xenografts Prevents MacRophage-mediated Rejection Through Sirpa Inhibitory Signaling in Mice, Volume 8

By Bobé, Pierre

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Book Id: WPLBN0003948297
Format Type: PDF eBook :
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Reproduction Date: 2015

Title: Plos One : Expression of Recipient Cd47 on Rat Insulinoma Cell Xenografts Prevents MacRophage-mediated Rejection Through Sirpa Inhibitory Signaling in Mice, Volume 8  
Author: Bobé, Pierre
Volume: Volume 8
Language: English
Subject: Journals, Science, Medical Science
Collections: Periodicals: Journal and Magazine Collection (Contemporary)
Historic
Publication Date:
Publisher: Plos

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Bobé, P. (n.d.). Plos One : Expression of Recipient Cd47 on Rat Insulinoma Cell Xenografts Prevents MacRophage-mediated Rejection Through Sirpa Inhibitory Signaling in Mice, Volume 8. Retrieved from http://netlibrary.net/


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Description : We have previously proven that the interspecies incompatibility of CD47 is responsible for in vitro phagocytosis of xenogeneic cells by host macrophages. Utilizing an in vivo model in the present study, we investigated whether genetically engineered expression of mouse CD47 in rat insulinoma cells (INS-1E) could inhibit macrophage-mediated xenograft rejection. INS-1E cells transfected with the pRc/CMV-mouse CD47 vector (mCD47-INS-1E) induced SIRPa-tyrosine phosphorylation in mouse macrophages in vitro, whereas cells transfected with the control vector (cont-INS-1E) did not. When these cells were injected into the peritoneal cavity of streptozotocin-induced diabetic Rag22/2c chain 2/2 mice, which lack T, B, and NK cells, the expression of mouse CD47 on the INS-1E cells markedly reduced the susceptibility of these cells to phagocytosis by macrophages. Moreover, these mice became normoglycemic after receiving mCD47-INS-1E, whereas the mice that received cont-INS-1E failed to achieve normoglycemia. Furthermore, injection of an anti-mouse SIRPa blocking monoclonal antibody into the mouse recipients of mCD47-INS-1E cells prevented achievement of normoglycemia. These results demonstrate that interspecies incompatibility of CD47 significantly contributes to in vivo rejection of xenogeneic cells by macrophages. Thus, genetic induction of the expression of recipient CD47 on xenogeneic donor cells could provide inhibitory signals to recipient macrophages via SIPRa: this constitutes a novel approach for preventing macrophage-mediated xenograft rejection.

 

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