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Plos One : Graft Transmission of Rna Silencing to Non-transgenic Scions for Conferring Virus Resistance in Tobacco, Volume 8

By Terenius, Olle

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Book Id: WPLBN0003949286
Format Type: PDF eBook :
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Reproduction Date: 2015

Title: Plos One : Graft Transmission of Rna Silencing to Non-transgenic Scions for Conferring Virus Resistance in Tobacco, Volume 8  
Author: Terenius, Olle
Volume: Volume 8
Language: English
Subject: Journals, Science, Medical Science
Collections: Periodicals: Journal and Magazine Collection (Contemporary)
Historic
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Publisher: Plos

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Terenius, O. (n.d.). Plos One : Graft Transmission of Rna Silencing to Non-transgenic Scions for Conferring Virus Resistance in Tobacco, Volume 8. Retrieved from http://netlibrary.net/


Description
Description : RNA silencing is a mechanism of gene regulation by sequence specific RNA degradation and is involved in controlling endogenous gene expression and defense against invasive nucleic acids such as viruses. RNA silencing has been proven to be transmitted between scions and rootstocks through grafting, mostly using transgenic plants. It has been reported that RNA silencing of tobacco endogenous genes, NtTOM1 and NtTOM3, that are required for tobamovirus multiplication, resulted in high resistance against several tobamoviruses. In the present study, we examined the graft transmission of RNA silencing for conferring virus resistance to non-transgenic scions of the same and different Nicotiana species grafted onto rootstocks in which both NtTOM1 and NtTOM3 were silenced. Non-transgenic Nicotiana tabacum (cvs. Samsun and Xanthi nc) and N. benthamiana were used as scions for grafting onto the rootstocks silenced with both genes. Short interfering RNA (siRNA) of NtTOM1 and NtTOM3 was detected in both the scions and the rootstocks eight weeks after grafting. The leaves were detached from the scions and inoculated with several tobamoviruses. The virus accumulation was tested by ELISA and northern blot analysis. The viruses were detected in grafted scions at extremely low levels, showing that virus resistance was conferred. These results suggest that RNA silencing was induced in and virus resistance was conferred to the non-transgenic scions by grafting onto silenced rootstocks. The effect of low temperature on siRNA accumulation and virus resistance was not significantly observed in the scions.

 

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