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Plos One : Long-term Effects of Early Overnutrition in the Heart of Male Adult Rats ; Role of the Renin-angiotensin System, Volume 8

By Bader, Michael

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Book Id: WPLBN0003951482
Format Type: PDF eBook :
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Reproduction Date: 2015

Title: Plos One : Long-term Effects of Early Overnutrition in the Heart of Male Adult Rats ; Role of the Renin-angiotensin System, Volume 8  
Author: Bader, Michael
Volume: Volume 8
Language: English
Subject: Journals, Science, Medical Science
Collections: Periodicals: Journal and Magazine Collection (Contemporary)
Historic
Publication Date:
Publisher: Plos

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Bader, M. (n.d.). Plos One : Long-term Effects of Early Overnutrition in the Heart of Male Adult Rats ; Role of the Renin-angiotensin System, Volume 8. Retrieved from http://netlibrary.net/


Description
Description : To analyze the long-term effects of early overfeeding on the heart and coronary circulation, the effect of ischemiareperfusion (I/R) and the role of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) was studied in isolated hearts from control and overfed rats during lactation. On the day of birth litters were adjusted to twelve pups per mother (controls) or to three pups per mother (overfed). At 5 months of age, the rats from reduced litters showed higher body weight and body fat than the controls. The hearts from these rats were perfused in a Langendorff system and subjected to 30 min of ischemia followed by 15 min of reperfusion (I/R). The myocardial contractility (dP/dt) and the coronary vasoconstriction to angiotensin II were lower, and the expression of the apoptotic marker was higher, in the hearts from overfed rats compared to controls. I/R reduced the myocardial contractily, the coronary vasoconstriction to angiotensin II and the vasodilatation to bradykinin, and increased the expression of (pro)renin receptor and of apoptotic and antiapoptotic markers, in both experimental groups. I/ R also increased the expression of angiotensinogen in control but not in overfed rats. In summary, the results of this study suggest that early overnutrition induces reduced activity of the RAS and impairment of myocardial and coronary function in adult life, due to increased apoptosis. Ischemia-reperfusion produced myocardial and coronary impairment and apoptosis, which may be related to activation of RAS in control but not in overfed rats, and there may be protective mechanisms in both experimental groups.

 

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