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Plos One : Xanthurenic Acid Binds to Neuronal G-protein-coupled Receptors That Secondarily Activate Cationic Channels in the Cell Line Ncb-20, Volume 7

By Guillemin, Gilles J.

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Book Id: WPLBN0003962501
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Reproduction Date: 2015

Title: Plos One : Xanthurenic Acid Binds to Neuronal G-protein-coupled Receptors That Secondarily Activate Cationic Channels in the Cell Line Ncb-20, Volume 7  
Author: Guillemin, Gilles J.
Volume: Volume 7
Language: English
Subject: Journals, Science, Medical Science
Collections: Periodicals: Journal and Magazine Collection (Contemporary)
Historic
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Publisher: Plos

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Guillemin, G. J. (n.d.). Plos One : Xanthurenic Acid Binds to Neuronal G-protein-coupled Receptors That Secondarily Activate Cationic Channels in the Cell Line Ncb-20, Volume 7. Retrieved from http://netlibrary.net/


Description
Description : Xanthurenic acid (XA) is a metabolite of the tryptophan oxidation pathway through kynurenine and 3-hydroxykynurenine. XA was until now considered as a detoxification compound and dead-end product reducing accumulation of reactive radical species. Apart from a specific role for XA in the signaling cascade resulting in gamete maturation in mosquitoes, nothing was known about its functions in other species including mammals. Based upon XA distribution, transport, accumulation and release in the rat brain, we have recently suggested that XA may potentially be involved in neurotransmission/neuromodulation, assuming that neurons presumably express specific XA receptors. Recently, it has been shown that XA could act as a positive allosteric ligand for class II metabotropic glutamate receptors. This finding reinforces the proposed signaling role of XA in brain. Our present results provide several lines of evidence in favor of the existence of specific receptors for XA in the brain. First, binding experiments combined with autoradiography and timecourse analysis led to the characterization of XA binding sites in the rat brain. Second, specific kinetic and pharmacological properties exhibited by these binding sites are in favor of G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCR). Finally, in patch-clamp and calcium imaging experiments using NCB-20 cells that do not express glutamate-induced calcium signals, XA elicited specific responses involving activation of cationic channels and increases in intracellular Ca2+ concentration. Altogether, these results suggest that XA, acting through a GPCR-induced cationic channel modulatory mechanism, may exert excitatory functions in various brain neuronal pathways.

 

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