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Plos One : Müller Cell Reactivity in Response to Photoreceptor Degeneration in Rats with Defective Polycystin-2, Volume 8

By Nagaraj, Ram

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Book Id: WPLBN0003963511
Format Type: PDF eBook :
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Reproduction Date: 2015

Title: Plos One : Müller Cell Reactivity in Response to Photoreceptor Degeneration in Rats with Defective Polycystin-2, Volume 8  
Author: Nagaraj, Ram
Volume: Volume 8
Language: English
Subject: Journals, Science, Medical Science
Collections: Periodicals: Journal and Magazine Collection (Contemporary)
Publication Date:
Publisher: Plos


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Nagaraj, R. (n.d.). Plos One : Müller Cell Reactivity in Response to Photoreceptor Degeneration in Rats with Defective Polycystin-2, Volume 8. Retrieved from

Description : Background : Retinal degeneration in transgenic rats that express a mutant cilia gene polycystin-2 (CMV-PKD2(1/703)HA) is characterized by initial photoreceptor degeneration and glial activation, followed by vasoregression and neuronal degeneration (Feng et al., 2009, PLoS One 4 : e7328). It is unknown whether glial activation contributes to neurovascular degeneration after photoreceptor degeneration. We characterized the reactivity of Mu¨ ller glial cells in retinas of rats that express defective polycystin-2. Methods : Age-matched Sprague-Dawley rats served as control. Retinal slices were immunostained for intermediate filaments, the potassium channel Kir4.1, and aquaporins 1 and 4. The potassium conductance of isolated Mu¨ ller cells was recorded by whole-cell patch clamping. The osmotic swelling characteristics of Mu¨ ller cells were determined by superfusion of retinal slices with a hypoosmotic solution. Findings : Mu¨ ller cells in retinas of transgenic rats displayed upregulation of GFAP and nestin which was not observed in control cells. Whereas aquaporin-1 labeling of photoreceptor cells disappeared along with the degeneration of the cells, aquaporin-1 emerged in glial cells in the inner retina of transgenic rats. Aquaporin-4 was upregulated around degenerating photoreceptor cells. There was an age-dependent redistribution of Kir4.1 in retinas of transgenic rats, with a more even distribution along glial membranes and a downregulation of perivascular Kir4.1. Mu¨ ller cells of transgenic rats displayed a slight decrease in their Kir conductance as compared to control. Mu¨ ller cells in retinal tissues from transgenic rats swelled immediately under hypoosmotic stress: this was not observed in control cells. Osmotic swelling was induced by oxidativenitrosative stress, mitochondrial dysfunction, and inflammatory lipid mediators. Interpretation : Cellular swelling suggests that the rapid water transport through Mu¨ ller cells in response to osmotic stress is altered as compared to control. The dislocation of Kir4.1 will disturb the retinal potassium and water homeostasis, and osmotic generation of free radicals and inflammatory lipids may contribute to neurovascular injury.


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