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Plos One : the Role of Tg2 in Regulating S100A4-mediated Mammary Tumour Cell Migration, Volume 8

By Karagiannis, Sophia N.

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Book Id: WPLBN0003968477
Format Type: PDF eBook :
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Reproduction Date: 2015

Title: Plos One : the Role of Tg2 in Regulating S100A4-mediated Mammary Tumour Cell Migration, Volume 8  
Author: Karagiannis, Sophia N.
Volume: Volume 8
Language: English
Subject: Journals, Science, Medical Science
Collections: Periodicals: Journal and Magazine Collection (Contemporary)
Publication Date:
Publisher: Plos


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Karagiannis, S. N. (n.d.). Plos One : the Role of Tg2 in Regulating S100A4-mediated Mammary Tumour Cell Migration, Volume 8. Retrieved from

Description : The importance of S100A4, a Ca2+-binding protein, in mediating tumour cell migration, both intracellularly and extracellularly, is well documented. Tissue transglutaminase (TG2) a Ca2+-dependent protein crosslinking enzyme, has also been shown to enhance cell migration. Here by using the well characterised non-metastatic rat mammary R37 cells (transfected with empty vector) and highly metastatic KP1 cells (R37 cells transfected with S100A4), we demonstrate that inhibition of TG2 either by TG2 inhibitors or transfection of cells with TG2 shRNA block S100A4-accelerated cell migration in the KP1cells and in R37 cells treated with exogenous S100A4. Cell migration was also blocked by the treatment with the non-cell permeabilizing TG2 inhibitor R294, in the human breast cancer cell line MDA-MB-231 (Clone 16, which has a high level of TG2 expression). Inhibition was paralleled by a decrease in S100A4 polymer formation. In vitro coimmunoprecipitation and Far Western blotting assays and cross-linking assays showed not only the direct interaction between TG2 and S100A4, but also confirmed S100A4 as a substrate for TG2. Using specific functional blocking antibodies, a targeting peptide and a recombinant protein as a competitive treatment, we revealed the involvement of syndecan-4 and a5b1 integrin co-signalling pathways linked by activation of PKCa in this TG2 and S100A4-mediated cell migration. We propose a mechanism for TG2-regulated S100A4-related mediated cell migration, which is dependent on TG2 crosslinking.


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