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A Statistical Approach to Quantify Uncertainty in Carbon Monoxide Measurements at the Izaña Global Gaw Station: 2008–2011 : Volume 5, Issue 5 (21/09/2012)

By Gomez-pelaez, A. J.

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Book Id: WPLBN0003981018
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File Size: Pages 41
Reproduction Date: 2015

Title: A Statistical Approach to Quantify Uncertainty in Carbon Monoxide Measurements at the Izaña Global Gaw Station: 2008–2011 : Volume 5, Issue 5 (21/09/2012)  
Author: Gomez-pelaez, A. J.
Volume: Vol. 5, Issue 5
Language: English
Subject: Science, Atmospheric, Measurement
Collections: Periodicals: Journal and Magazine Collection (Contemporary), Copernicus GmbH
Publication Date:
Publisher: Copernicus Gmbh, Göttingen, Germany
Member Page: Copernicus Publications

Description: Izaña Atmospheric Research Center, Meteorological State Agency of Spain (AEMET), Spain. Atmospheric CO in-situ measurements are carried out at the Izaña (Tenerife) global GAW mountain station using a RGA (Reduction Gas Analyser). In-situ measurements at Izaña are representative of the subtropical North-East Atlantic free troposphere, specially during the night period. We present the measurement system configuration, the response function, the calibration scheme, the data processing, the Izaña's 2008–2011 CO nocturnal time series, and the mean diurnal cycle by months.

We have developed a rigorous uncertainty analysis for carbon monoxide measurements carried out at the Izaña station which could be applied to other GAW stations. We determine the combined standard uncertainty from four components of the measurement: uncertainty of the WMO standard gases interpolated over the range of measurement, the uncertainty that takes into account the agreement between the standard gases and the response function used, the uncertainty due to the repeatability of the injections, and the propagated uncertainty related to the response function parameters uncertainties (which also takes into account the covariance between the parameters). The mean value of the combined standard uncertainty decreased significantly after March 2009, from 2.37 nmol mol−1 to 1.66 nmol mol−1, due to improvements in the measurement system. A fifth type of uncertainty we call representation uncertainty is considered when some of the data necessary to compute exactly the mean are absent. Any computed mean has also a propagated uncertainty arising from the uncertainties of the data used to compute the mean. The law of propagation depends on the type of uncertainty component (random or systematic).

In-situ hourly means are compared with simultaneous and collocated NOAA flask samples. The uncertainty in the differences is determined and whether these are significant. For 2009–2011, only 24.5% of the differences are significant, and 68% of the differences are between −2.39 and 2.5 nmol mol−1. Total and annual mean differences are computed using conventional expressions but also expressions with weights based on the minimum variance method. The annual mean differences for 2009–2011 are well within the ±2 nmol mol−1 compatibility goal of GAW.

A statistical approach to quantify uncertainty in carbon monoxide measurements at the Izaña global GAW station: 2008–2011

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